Japanese Theatre

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

theatre tradtions
noh, kabuki, bunraku
noh theatre
drama of choice for the intellectual elite
kabukie and bunraku
theatre for masses
zen buddhism
comes to japan by way of china/korea, dhyana and zazen, goal is enlightenment
dhyana
detach the mind from material world
zazen
calm and aims to unite mind and body
tenets of buddhism
suffering, cause of suffering, cessation o suffering, path that leads to cessation
cycle of rebirth
gods, demi-gods, humans, animals, ghosts, hell
noh historical context
emperor cedes his secular power to shogun (military dictator), creates feudal system in which the highest rank is samurai: ronin
kannami and zeami
placed under patronage of shogun yoshimitsu, ashikaga granted highest privileges of court, kannami combines srugaku-no with zen buddhist ideals
kadensho
Zeami's seven-book treatise on Noh playwriting and performance.
noh theatre
ritualistic and intended to acheive yugen (mood of meditation) and ran-i (feeling of ecstasy)
kyogen
short farces performed between each play in Noh to provide comedic relief
noh drama types
gods, warriors, beautiful women, madwomen, supernatural beings
stock characters
shite (central character transformed into supernatural being), tsure (companion to shite), waki (objective third party), kokata (child), kyogen (comic clown)
jiutai
chorus
hayashi
Instrumentalists
noh theatre spaces
audience is on three sides, moat separates stage from audience, backed by panel with painted pine trees
noh masks
male/female mask, old man mask, vengeful spirity mask, fierce deity mask
kabuki consists of
song, dance, and skill
origin of kabuki performance
performances were on dry riverbed, audience sits on grassy hillside
shibai
grass sitting
odori dances
provocative in sensual movement/clothing
okuni placed actors in
midst of audience creating distinct actor-audience relationship
Okuni
Young female dancer, creator of Kabuki
kabuki has a nature that is
erotic
onno
womens kabuki
wakashu
young mens kabuki
the males have to do this to make them less attractive
their heads shaved
onnogata role
mature men dress and dances as idealized women
kabuki plays consist of
5 acts, 12 hours (reduced to 8), audience members can come and go
kabuki plays are rooted in
myth, folktales, history
kabuki is less abstract than noh
true
roppo
walk/dance that is part martial arts, actors swing arms up and down/side to side
mie
actors freeze in exaggerated pose so that the audience can see what character it is
stock characters of kabuki
aragoto, wagoto, onnagata
aragoto
rough style
kabuki stages
large proscenium, traditional green/rust/black striped curtain, large cast, numerous invisible stage assistants, a chorus (naugata)
there are elevators that help with
apparitions, disapperances, and other tricks
bunraku
puppet theatre