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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Colonies and the French and Indian War and Events Leading to the American Revolution
Terms in this set (39)
Series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England and its colonies.
Believing in the benefit of trade.
Importing is receiving something, export is sending something out.
Trade route set up in a triangle.
Treaty of Paris 1763
The treaty that ended the Seven Years' War.
Proclamation of 1763
Proclamation which didn't allow settlers to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Albany Plan of Union
A proposal to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies.
Balance of Trade
The difference in value between a country's imports and exports.
British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, meant to keep the American colonies obedient to England.
What were the events and causes of the French and Indian War?
The events were that the English were pushing the Natives off of their territory.
How did the French and Indian War Lead to the American Revolution?
The British were in debt from the war so they taxed the colonists which made them even more mad at Britain.
How did the geography influence development of the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies
The ones that were up north had less fertile soil but the ones that were down south had fertile soil
EVENTS LEADING TO AMERICAN REVOLUTION
British deeply in debt partly to French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
Required the colonials to provide food, lodging, and supplies for the British troops in the colonies.
A tax that the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea
Law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
A leading advocate of American independence from Great Britain
Writs of Assistance
Search warrants issued by the British government. They allowed officials to search houses and ships for smuggled goods, and to enlist colonials to help them search. The writs could be used anywhere, anytime, as often as desired.
Declaration of Independence
Document outlining reasons for the colonies to break the ties with England.
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
Sons of Liberty
A group of colonists who formed a secret society to oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution
A body of representatives that makes laws for a nation.
Act which eliminated import tariffs on tea entering England and allowed the British East India Company to sell directly to consumers rather than through merchants. Led to the Boston Tea Party.
A Massachusetts politician who was a radical fighter for colonial independence. Helped organize the Sons of Liberty and the Non-Importation Commission, which protested the Townshend Acts, and is believed to have lead the Boston Tea Party.
Olive Branch Petition
An offer of peace sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George lll
The main author of the Constitution. An important delegate at the First and Second Continental Congress.
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to negotiate French support for the American Revolution.
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans.
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
First Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Britain and to promote independence.
Compare the British and American perspectives regarding the Events Leading to the American Revolution
The British thought that Americans provoked them but Americans thought that the British were provoking them.
What were the reasons to support & oppose declaring independence from Britain?
If the colonists didn't declare independence from Britain, they would be attached to a strong country. If they did they would have a chance to make an even bigger and stronger country.
Why was the Declaration of Independence an inspirational document for many colonists?
It gave them hope that these were the first steps of breaking away from Great Britain.
What individuals were responsible for leading the colonists toward revolution? Explain how they did this.
The patriots, they convinced the people that being separate from Britain would be better.
What were the key acts leading to American Revolution?
Boston Tea Party, Sugar Act, Tea Act, Quartering Act, Boston Massacre.
Describe the events that took place in Boston that further pushed colonies towards Revolution.
The Boston Tea Party and the Boston Massacre.
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