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Science Test #1
Terms in this set (23)
What is the principal argument of Elder Scott's General Conference address?
We need to be able to find the truth in order to make wise decisions in our life. Truth can be found through science and revelation.
What points does Elder Scott emphasize when speaking about science?
The scientific method is a valuable method for discovering truth. However, it has two limitations in that we can never be sure if we've discovered absolute truth and we can get the wrong answer.
What points does Elder Scott emphasize when speaking about revelation?
Revelation is the only method through which we can gain absolute truths. The process of gaining truth through revelation requires unwavering faith in our Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ and a willingness to keep God's commandments.
What is the appropriate way to use these methods (science and religion) for finding truth?
We must follow the laws upon which the the two different methods are predicated.
In what ways are science and religion similar?
Both seek to find the truth and those truths when correct will complement each other and increase our understanding of our Heavenly Father.
What are the overall purposes of science and religion? What are the methods used?
Their purpose is to discover truth. These truths can then be used to make correct decisions. The scientific method requires experimentation, study and analysis of a problem. Revelation uses similar activities but also requires faith in God and a willingness to keep His commandments.
What is science?
Science is both a body of knowledge and the process used to get that knowledge.
What kinds of questions can science not answer?
Is there a God? Is Beethoven better than Bach? Should we clone living things? Is assisted suicide ever justified?
What are the rules for using science?
Focuses on the natural world; aims to explain the natural world; uses testable ideas; relies on evidence; involves the scientific community; leads to ongoing research; benefits from scientific behavior.
Is Intelligent Design scientific?
Intelligent Design is interested in explaining what we observe in the world and therefore has the appearance of science. However, most of the ideas behind Intelligent Design are not testable through experimentation and observation. Intelligent Design does not bear any of the other hallmarks of science and cannot be validated by the central method of science. Therefore we must conclude that it is not scientific.
Why is it important to have a scientific community?
Many times research is conducted as part of a collaboration. In a diverse group each person brings their specialized knowledge to the research effort. In addition the scientific community embodies the cumulative knowledge base that allows science to build on itself. Also the community can provide checks and balances in evaluating the validity of each others work.
What are some of the important ingredients of "behaving scientifically"?
Paying attention to what other people have already done; expose your ideas to testing; assimilate the evidence; openly communicate ideas and tests to others; act with scientific integrity, play fair.
How does the process of science actually work?
The scientific method follows a very complex path that is often iterative, meaning that it circles back on itself over and over as it tries to understand things. The scientific process is exciting, dynamic and unpredictable. There is predetermined path in the scientific process.
What is the purpose of peer review? Describe how the peer review process works?
The purpose of peer review is for other scientists to provide feedback on an article and tell the editor of the publication whether or not they think the study is of high enough quality to be published. After scientists conduct a study they write up the results and submit them as an article to be published in a scientific journal. The editor of the journal sends the manuscript of the article to other scientific experts (peers) in the field of study. These peers evaluate the study and tell the editor whether it is of high enough quality to be published. The authors can these revise their manuscript to satisfy the reviewers. If the article meet the highest quality standards then it is published.
Explain the difference between a hypothesis, a theory, an over-arching theory, and a model
A hypothesis is a proposed explanation for a fairly narrow set of observations. A theory is a broad explanation of a wide range of phenomenon, whereas an over-arching theories are very important theories that encompass many subordinate theories. A model is a simplification of a complex hypothesis or theory, often in the form of a computer program or mathematical equation.
How is the scientific definition of a theory different than our everyday use of the word theory?
In science, theories are are broad explanations that are supported by many lines of evidence. The everyday use of the word theory implies a guess or a hunch about an idea.
What is cold fusion?
Cold fusion is a hypothetical type of nuclear reaction that would occur at or near room temperature.
Why are scientists interested in studying cold fusion?
If it works it has the potential to produce large amounts of energy cheaply and pollution-free. It would essentially solve all of the world's energy needs.
What is "voodoo science"?
Voodoo science is research that falls short of adhering to the scientific method. It is also known as pseudoscience, junk science or can be just plain fraudulent science meant to deceive.
According to the article, what are the 2 fundamental characteristics of a dependable scientific claim?
First, is it supported by reliable, reproducible observations. Second, can it be explained in terms of a rational model.
What is a scientific model? What are models used for?
A model is a mental construct or picture which attempts to describe the features of a system. A model often describes the system in terms of another system that is more familiar—the atom is like the solar system. Models are used to help us understand and test complex systems and to explain observations.
What are control experiments (sometimes called controlled experiments)? How do they help determine cause-effect relationships?
A control experiment is an experiment or observation designed to minimize the effects of variables other than the single independent variable. This increases the reliability of the results, often through a comparison between control measurements and the other measurements.
How does the information presented by Dr. Lamb correlate with the "science checklist" presented in the "What is Science?" website?
Focuses on the natural world - cold fusion experiments did aim to understand the natural world; Aims to explain the natural world - again their aim was to explain the natural world; Uses testable ideas - the claims of cold fusion were testable but the researchers did not allow testing at first; Relies on evidence - there was evidence that the claims of cold fusion were based on, but it could not be reproduced by others; Involves the scientific community - Pons and Fleischman did their research on their own and did not include their peers; Leads to ongoing research - cold fusion was a dead end and did not lead to more research; Benefits from scientific behavior - Pons and Fleischman did not engage in good scientific behavior, they did not use peer reviewed journals, their data was kept secret and could not be reproduced.
what are the magnification of microscope lenses
what language are scientific names written in
what is the order of the stimulus response model?
What trend in atomic radius occurs down a group on the periodic table? what causes it?
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