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42 terms

Antigone

STUDY
PLAY
Dithyramb
(ancient Greece) a passionate hymn (usually in honor of Dionysus) origin of tragedy
Thespis
Greek poet who is said to have originated Greek tragedy (sixth century BC) introduced first actor/dialogue
Antigone
(Greek mythology) the daughter of King Oedipus who disobeyed her father and was condemned to death
Aeschylus
added second actor; wrote trilogies on unified themes
sophocles
added third actor; chorus to 15; intro painted scenery; made each play of trilogy separate in nature
Euripides
reduced particpation of chorus on miain action; heavily relied on prologues and deus ex machina endings
theatron
"Seeing place" where the audience sat
orchestra
circular dancing place where actors and chorus performed
thymele
altar of dionysus that sits in the center of orchestra
skene
in ancient greek, a building behind the playing area that was originally a hut in which actors changes masks/costumes.
proskenion
Backdrop
parados
entrances on sides for chorus members
hypocrites
the answerer; playing roles; actor dramatist originally the same; never more than three (a. protagonist b. deuteragonist c. tritagonist); male play females too
costume
flowing robes(color symbolically); large masks(of cork and wood and linen;identified age and gender and emotion;exaggerated features large eyes open mouth); high boots
music
choral odes with music(flute lyre percussion);
dance
dance expressive rhythmical movement
chorus
sets mood and expresses theme; adds beauty through song and dance; gives background info; divides action and offers reflections on events; questions advises expresses opinion usually through chorus leader
limitation on theater
no continuous chorus; no intermission; no lighting or curtains
messenger
tells new happening away from scene; reports acts of violence not allowed to be seen
conventions
action-simple plot
time- single day
place- one scene throughout
tragoi
skin of goat as disguise/costume; tragedy comes from it
festival of dionysus
20,000 people; businesses close, jails open, section for women and girls
six elements of drama
plot
Character
thought
Diction
Melody
Spectacle
plot
simple w/o anagorisis or peripeteia
complex w/ 1
character
have clear motivation 2
thought
thesis 3
diction
language; appear of intellect 4
music
appeal to ears; chorus 5
spectacle
appeal to eyes 6
tragic hero
noble birth; has harmartia and hubris and leads to anagorisis and peripety
catharsis
purgation of pity and fear
moira
fate; destiny through delphic oracle or as family curse
reverance
submission to gods
agon
struggle conflict ordeal; basis of plot
hubris
excessive pride
arete
excellence
hamartia
fraility; weakness; or mistake of a character
nemesis
doom, forces of resistance to tragic protagonist
peripety
reversal of fate
anagnorisis
recognition; ignorance and knowledge
tragic incident
violent act resulting from peripety
catastrophe
ending of tragedy w/ deaths; hero doesn't die and suffers complete ruin.