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Post-Classical Islam/Europe Humanities Quiz
Terms in this set (57)
founder of Islam
holy book of Islam
was the primary means for the preservation of the Qur'an; decoration
stories about Muhammad
Great Mosque of Djenne
prominent adobe mosque in Africa
community of all Muslims
Mosques of Mecca and Alhambra
Mosque to which Muslims complete their hajj; remnant of Islamic rule on the Iberian Peninsula (spain)
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
beliefs that all Muslims needed to carry out: Faith, Prayer, Charity, Fasting, and Pilgrimage
a tall slender tower, typically part of a mosque, with a balcony to call Muslims to prayer.
Successor to Muhammad
accepts only the descendants of the Umayyads as the true rulers of Islam
acknowledge Ali (Muhammed's cousin/son-in-law) and descendents as true rulers
moved capital from Medina to Damascus, that action split Islam (Shi'ites & Sunnites)
Devoted their energy to trade, scholorship, and the arts.
refers to those countries where Muslims can practice their religion freely. "House of Islam"
Capital of Abbasid dynasty, Major trading city
inn or rest station for caravans
Banks and Checks
New form of credit and monetization prevalent during Muslim Rule; allowed for easier trade and unity
school for Islamic instruction
Centralized Indian empire by Muslim invaders; facillitated trade
dominated trade along the east African coast
based on families and chiefs ruling over small groups; Africans depended on these
tribal groups that inhabited particular places but at the same time were less likely to demarcate rigid boundaries
Trade across the Sahara; trade route in Africa
used in Trans-Sahara trade in Africa, greatly increasing trade.
First known kingdom in sub-Saharan West Africa known as the Gold Coast. gold and salt trade.
major trade item in Africa
Empire created by indigenous Muslims in West Africa; famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade.
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East. SUPER RICH
Indian Ocean Trade
connected to Europe, Africa, and China.; worlds richest maritime trading network and an area of rapid Muslim expansion.
Edict of Milan
313 CE Constantine makes Christianity the primary religion of the Roman Empire
the formal Profession of Faith recited at Mass
line of priestly power and authority originating from Christ and handed down from the apostles to their successors, the bishops
Banishment from the church
Capital of the Byzantine Empire; large, wealthy, trading center
political-religious system; secular ruler is also head of the religious establishment, as in the Byzantine Empire.
Defeated the Muslims at the Battle of Tours
Justinian's Code of Laws
(529) Emperor Justinian collected all existing Roman laws and organized them into a single code.
Flammable liquid used as a weapon by the Byzantine navy; green
made land available to the peasants in return for military service
A Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul.
Invaders of Europe that came from Scandinavia; stole stuff
agents of Emperor Charlemagne who traveled throughout the empire to check the condition of the roads, listen to grievances, and see that justice was done and TAXES WERE PAIDD
A POLITICAL system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
crowned by the Pope as the head of the Holy Roman Empire
Labor and tillage of the soil
encouraged luxury trade along with gold
the male head of a family or tribe; or highest church leader
high rank; owned land but owed loyalty to his king
The office of the pope
an alphabet derived from the Greek alphabet and used for writing Slavic languages
belief that the practice of worshiping and honoring objects such as icons was sinful. (Christianity and Muslim Mecca)
Split between Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox
:Caused by a rift with Monarch of
Constantinople when he refused complete
subordination to the Pope in Rome.
:The 2 leaders excommunicated each other
: the church is still split today.
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