FMS 311 Final
Terms in this set (45)
Laws passed in 1935, 1936, 1937, and 1939 to limit U.S. involvement in future wars. They were based on the widespread disillusionment with World War I in the early 1930s and the belief that the United States had been drawn into the war through loans and trade with the Allies
Founded in Los Angeles in 1936 by Otto Katz and others to organize members of the American film industry to oppose fascism and Nazism. Although it was a communist front organization, run by the American popular front, it attracted broad support in Hollywood from both members and nonmembers of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA). Like many such communist front groups, it ceased all anti-Nazi activities immediately upon the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in August 1939
German-American pro-Nazi organization established in 1936 to succeed Friends of New Germany (FoNG), the new name being chosen to emphasize the group's American credentials after press criticism that the organization was unpatriotic
Officially known as the Special Committee on Investigation of the Munitions Industry, investigated the financial and banking interests that underlay the United States' involvement in World War I, and was a significant factor in public and political support for American neutrality in the early stages of World War II
Anti-Communist Democratic representative from Texas, first HUAC chair
J. Parnell Thomas called for investigation of "communism in motion pictures"
1940 Consent Decree
Allowed government to reinstate the anti-trust lawsuit against film studios if, by November 1943, it had not seen a satisfactory level of compliance.
Militia group and a white supremacist organization in the Midwestern United States during the Great Depression of the 1930s, KKK offshoot
American First Committee
Foremost United States non-interventionist pressure group against the American entry into World War II. Started on September 4, 1940, it experienced mixed messaging with antisemitic rhetoric from leading members, and it was dissolved on December 10, 1941, three days after the attack on Pearl Harbor
The Waldorf Statement
Two-page press release issued by Eric Johnson as a response to the Contempt of Congress charges against the Hollywood Ten. This marked the beginning of the Hollywood Blacklist by censuring the Ten
Special issue of Counterattack: "The Report of Communist Influence in Radio and Television, with intent to 'expos[e] the most important aspects of Communist activity in America each week.'"
Weekly, subscription-based, anti-communist, mimeographed newsletter which ran from 1947 into the 1950s, published by a "private, independent organization" of the same name and started by three ex-FBI agents
Paramount Decision of 1948
In 1948 Supreme Court ruled the studios were in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act - that they were restricting fair trade. Studios ordered to end restrictive trade practices - block-booking, blind selling, and exclusivity rights to exhibition. Court ordered the Big Five studios to divest their theatre chains ("divorcement").
Pro-Soviet Film Cycle
U.S. Government had "friendly witnesses decide if the Roosevelt administration had encouraged "Pro-Soviet films" during WWII.
Films in question included:
Mission to Moscow (1943)
Songs of Russia (1944)
The North Star
Package-Unit System of Production
A mode of industrial organization said to govern the US studio system after the Paramount Decrees brought an end to the vertical integration of production, distribution, and exhibition.
- Each film's development set on a case-by-case basis
Producer at MGM who eventually became head of production in the 50s.
Anti-Communist Film Cycle
Coincides with HUAC hearings and the censure of Sen. McCarthy
- Communist-as-gangster film
- Anti-Red action thrillers
Theatre Television Network was founded in 1951, showcasing special events at participating theaters.
Ex: Harry Truman's 1951 State of the Union Address
Subscription Television (Phonevision)
A project by the Zenith Radio Company to create the first pay television system. Involved bringing Hollywood films to home TV at $1 per movie.
Subscription Television (Telemeter)
Subscription TV service developed by the International Telemeter Corporation. Used on a coin-to-box machine on a TV set.
WB writer/Director of The Maltese Falcon, asphalt jungle, key largo.
Persons who were never named as communists before HUAC, but who nevertheless lost their jobs because of leftist politics.
Television that is shown on a different network than the one it originally was shown on. The show is sold to another network to showcase.
Music Diversification of Studios (Decca, Dot, Warners)
Decca: British studio that released music for the Wizard of Oz and White Christmas. Later bought by Universal
Dot (Paramount): American studio
Warner Music Group: In order to prevent stars from recording with rival studios, WB bought Atlantic Records, Reprise and Atco to form WMG
Desilu Productions was a Los Angeles, California-based company jointly owned by couple and actors Desi Arnaz and Lucille Ball.
Desilu Studios was home to I Love Lucy.
Desilu was one of the first production companies to pioneer the three-camera film technique.
was an American broadcasting producer and syndicator who is considered the father of television syndication and once operated the nation's largest independent television production company.
Manager of MCA, went on to buy Universal Studios in 1962.
Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson (1952)
"The Miracle Case"
- Reversed the 1915 Mutual decision
- Marked the decline of motion picture censorship in the U.S.
= The Miracle (Rossellini, 1950)
- "restraint of freedom of speech" and a violation of the First Amendment
Music Corporation of America (MCA)
talent agency founded by Jules Stein, heavily involved in TV production.
Subsidiary of MCA, ran tv production operations. Top TV supplier for all networks by the mid-50s.
TV producer and director, did Popular Science shorts, one of the first tv producers.
was an American television syndication and production company, producer of popular syndicated TV programs in the 1950s.
Code and Rating Administration (CARA) circa 1968
Rating board made up of an independent group of parents
- Provided cautionary warnings to families about a movie's content
- Ratings system evolved
- PG-13 in 1984
- NC-17 replaces X rating in 1990
- Rating descriptors (additional information) added in 1990
President of MPAA, hired by Lew Wasserman.
A list of about 500 actors, writers, producers and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood films because of their alleged Communist connections.
Organized by J. Arthur Rank and Universal in 1946. William Goetz was head of production. Distributed b-movies in its later years.
A witness who is biased against your client's adversary or sympathetic toward your client in a lawsuit or other legal proceeding. (THINK Ronald Reagan, Ayn Rand).
they know they are being targeted- writers, producers
used the first amendment to defend themselves
found guilty of contempt of congress and are jailed
(actors came out to support them but they got scared by the enormity of everything pretty quickly and then their managers and agents wouldn't let them support the unfriendly witnesses anymore)
Founded by Sam Spiegel, produced Huston's The African Queen (Humphrey Bogart, Katharine Hepburn).
Wrote Little Caesar, High Sierra and Asphalt Jungle novels.
TV movies or pre-recorded entertainment shown on television.
Live entertainment or television
Episodes of television that had already aired
Payment that an actor/actress receives when their show is run in syndication, merchandise sales, etc.
National and local television stations that are owned by a larger brand/company.
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