Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Unit test 600 - 1450 CE
Terms in this set (61)
What practice during the Song dynasty suggests that Chinese women's lives were more restricted than in earlier dynasties?
What religion blended elements of Hinduism and Islam?
What were the attitudes toward women found in the Quran?
the Quran challenged social practices of Mecca, including the abuse of women. The just society of Islam was the "umma," based on equal status. In this community, women had an honored and spiritually equal place.
Compare and contrast the caliphs of the Umayyad dynasty with those of the Abbasid Dynasty:
Umayyad: capital in Damascus, first dynasty of Arab caliphs, flourishing expansion and hereditary caliphs
Abbasid: capital in Baghdad, Dynasty that succeeded the Umayyads as caliphs within Islam; came to power in 750 C.E. Conquered by Mongols in 1258 but by that time, had already fractured into sultanates.
What factors led to the emergence of feudalism in Japan?
Feudalism emerges from tax system flaw: Wealth landowners were exempt from taxes, peasants sold land to nobles and nobles gained more land, nobles hired samurai to protect their land
- rise of shogun
How does the emergence of samurai reflect japan's political and economic situation?
political power became increasingly decentralized, local authorities developed their own military forces, the famous samurai warrior class of Japanese society.
What goods were exchanged in both the silk roads and the Indian ocean trade routes?
spices, precious stones, silks, olive oils, glassware, gold
Know the causes of and influence of Indian culture in Southeast Asia
Indian Ocean Trade
Know the history of the silk roads
- one of the world's most extensive and sustained networks of exchange among its diverse peoples
- Products of steppes — such as hides, furs, livestock, wool, and amber — were exchanged for the agricultural products and manufactured goods of adjacent civilizations.
- By the early centuries of the Common Era, indirect trading connections, often brokered by pastoral peoples, linked these Eurasian civilizations in a network of transcontinental exchange.
- Mongols controlled it = most prosperous
what were the causes of the plague
mongols - silk roads
know the technological innovations that facilitated maritime trade int he period 500-1450, particularly in the Indian Ocean Basin
chinese junks, rudder for steering ships, compass
why did trade develop and expand form the sixth to the eleventh century in the Indian Ocean regions?
The encouragement of maritime trade by an effective and unified Chinese state
Know how Indian culture impacted Southeast Asia
Indian cultural practices, such as Hinduism and Buddhism, as well as South Asian political ideas began to take root in Southeast Asia
Know what the Zanj is, how it started, where it is located, its language, religions, and economic traits?
Swahili coast, started by arab merchants, language = swahili, religion = islam, economic traits = ivory, gold, slaves
what factors enabled trans saharan trade
donkeys, camels, slaves
how did the byzantine empire influence eurasia (politically, economically, religiously, etc)
ancient greek texts spread to islam/ w. europe from byzantium
- religious culture spread widely among Slavic-speaking peoples in the Balkans and Russia
- militarized societies
- orthodox church = influenced renaissance
- church/ social structure
How did economic growth and urbanization during the High Middle Ages affect women in Western Europe?
Women practiced trades and sometimes trained female apprentices
What were the characteristics of trade networks in the New World (Americas)?
loosely interactive web stretching from the North American Great Lakes and upper Mississippi south to the Andes
What were the characteristics of "Sand Roads" in North Africa and the Mediterranean?
linked North Africa and the Mediterranean world with the land and peoples of interior West Africa.
- transforming impact, stimulating and enriching West African civilization and connecting it to larger patterns of world history during the third-wave era.
What were the causes and consequences of economic growth and urbanization in the late middle ages in Europe?
- initially offered European women substantial new opportunities
- rise in intellectuals
- increase in population
- complex division of labor
Know the causes of the doubling of the Chinese population during the Tang and Song dynasties
- the adoption of a fast-ripening strain of rice from Vietnam
Be able to explain how the Chinese tribute system worked for both the Chinese and non-Chinese people involved:
protection money to prevent nomads from invading china
How did the Mongols change once they settled in Persia?
- far more abrupt than the extended process of conquest in China
- more destructive
- made extensive use of the sophisticated Persian bureaucracy, leaving the greater part of government operations in Persian hands
***** - Mongols who conquered Persia became Muslims,
Know the consequences of Mongol rule in China
- mongols moved capital from Karakorum to Beijing
- improved roads, built canals, lowered some taxes, patronized scholars and artists, limited the death penalty and torture, supported peasant agriculture
- Ming dynasty that followed = commitment to Confucian values and restrictive gender practices and to remove mongol impact
Know the consequences of Mongol rule in Russia
- mass destruction / millions slaughtered
- lost all political unity
- Russian Orthodox Church flourished
- Moscow in particular emerged as the primary collector of tribute for the Mongol
- led to the adoption by their princes of the Mongols' diplomatic rituals and court practice
Be able to describe how Mongol rule impacted World History
travel became safer & people traveled along the Silk Road
How did the Byzantine Empire survive for a thousand years longer than any other classical civilization, including the Western Roman Empire? Were there any advantages?
- impenetrable walls that lasted 1000 years
- The Justinian Code = consistent law code
Who were the Xiognu, Uighurs, Jurchens? What did they have in common?
- protection money (tribute system)
- nomadic empires
Describe Korea's relationship with China.
- Its capital city of Kumsong was modeled directly on the Chinese capital of Chang'an
- Korea looked on China as the center of civilization, in return, Korea received military protection from China against invasions
What technological innovations did China develop during this period?
salt production through solar evaporation, papermaking, printing, gunpowder, c hinese textile, metallurgical, and naval technologies (junks, rudder for steering ships, magnetic compass).
Identify how Buddhism provided cultural commonality in East Asia:
- Nomadic rulers, found Buddhism useful in part because it was foreign
- Buddhism provided some comfort in the face of a collapsing society (Han) - . Buddhism reached its peak of influence as people flocked to the religion as a way to deal with the chaos and violence of the period.
Identify how China changed Buddhism in the 9th century:
Buddhist monasteries came under state control as a xenophobic reaction set in.
How was masculine identity defined in Song china?
calligraphy, scholarship, painting, and poetry
Describe the cause and consequences of the Sunni/ Shi'a division in Islam
- after the prophet's death
sunni: caliphs were rightful political and military leaders, selected by the Islamic community. (ulama = religious authority)
shia: the line of Ali and his son Husayn, blood relatives of Muhammad, both of whom died at the hands of their political or religious enemies. (imam = religious authority)
mystical Muslim group that believed they could draw closer to God through prayer, fasting, and a simple life
Why was Mecca important in Islam?
site of the Kaaba where pilgrims congregated (Hajj)
Boundaries of Arab empire
north africa - anatolia (turkey)
How did Islam spread?
trade, appeal towards merchants
Where did Islam spread/ when ?
Across Asia and Africa and into Spain, spread with Umayyads
What do historians think are the reasons for the mass conversions of peoples living in the middle east to islam starting in the eighth century
How did the Kieven Rus adopt Byzantine features to their civilization?
- adopted eastern orthodox relgion bc of Prince Vladimir
What part of the world was the most thoroughly Islamized region in the period from 600 to 1500?
What are the reasons for Islam's rapid expansion in the century after the death of Muhammad?
The weakened condition of the Byzantine and Persian empires
What other people did the Crusaders target besides muslims?
Identify the reasons for the expansion of the Mongols in the 1200s:
Genghis Khan unified Mongols, mobility, horses, bow and arrows, psychological threat
Identify which technologies the Europeans burrowed, and know the civilizations that invented them
gunpowder - china, printing press - china, compass/ rudder - china, medical advances/ algebra, zero - islam
What was the condition of Christian communities in North Africa and the Middle East from 632-1300
declined greatly bc of Islam
Where did christianity exist outside of europe during the middle ages?
Jerusalem, Ethiopia, Egypt
How was Christianity was reinterpreted as it spread throughout Asia and Africa
- coptic christianity = egypt
- Jesus sutras = china
where did the religious culture of the byzantine empire have the most significant impact
slavic speaking peoples in the balkans and russia
What events in the thirteenth century influenced the Egyptian state's change in attitude toward its Christian subjects form tolerance to persecution?
How did Europes center of gravity shift in the period 500-1000
the north and west
What were the main institutions in Europe that competed for power from 1000-1300
feudal lords, kings, the church
What was the transformation of the Turkic people form the tenth to the fourteenth centuries?
They changed from polytheistic worshippers to followers and carriers of a monotheistic Islam
What nomadic empires served as models for the Mongol expansion
Identify the characteristic of the Turks from the tenth to the fourteenth centuries
They changed from polytheistic worshippers to followers and carriers of a monotheistic Islam.
Describe characteristics of pastoral societies
Identify how the sudden rise of Islam in the seventh century affected Indian Ocean commerce
Muslim merchants and sailors established communities of traders from East Africa to the south China coast
How did Buddhism change as it spread along the Silk Roads?
The gods of many peoples along the Silk Roads were incorporated as bodhisattvas.
Consequences of the Crusades
distrust of Christians in the Middle east, increased European knowledge of the Asian world, spread of tech/ goods (sugar)
what were arab innovations that impacted trade and technology in the period 632-1450
Sets found in the same folder
AP World History Review Chapter 23
AP Test #1 (Chapters 1-3) Study Guide
Ways of the World Chapter 5
AP World History Unit 1 Test Bank
Other sets by this creator
BIG FRENch TEST
Logsdon Vocab Week 13
Logsdon Week 14
AP FRENCH summer swag verbs
Recommended textbook solutions
World History and Geography Student
World History and Geography Student
World History and Geography Student
World History and Geography: Modern Times
Jackson J. Spielvogel