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Pathogen flash cards and preparation

Bacillus anthracis

(Bacteria) Endospore-forming rod; causes Anthrax

Bacillus cereus

(Bacteria) Endospore-forming rod; causes food poisoning

Bacteroides gingivalis

(Bacteria) Anaerobic rod; causes Periodontal disease

Bacteroides fragilis

(Bacteria) Anaerobic rod; causes Sepsis/Normal flora in gut.

Bordetella pertussis

(Bacteria) Coccobacillus; causes Pertussis/whooping cough.

Borrelia burgdorferi

(Bacteria) spirilli; causes Lyme disease

Campylobacter jujuni

(Bacteria) Curved rod - associated with chicken industry; causes Gastroenteritis

Chlamydia trachomatis

(Bacteria) Obligate intracellular cocci; causes Conjunctivitis, Lymphogranuloma venereum, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and urethritis

Closetridium botulinum

(Bacteria) Endospore-forming anaerobe; causes food poisoning

Closetridium difficile

(Bacteria) Endospore-forming anaerobe; causes antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis

Closetridium tetani

(Bacteria) Endospore-forming anaerobe; causes tetanus

Closetridium perfringens

(Bacteria) Endospore-forming anaerobe; causes gas gangrene

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

(Bacteria) Gram positive pleomorphic rod; causes diphtheria

Enterococcus faecalis

(Bacteria) Causes UTI and endocarditis

Escherichia coli

(Bacteria) Gram negative enteric, many different strains; causes diarrheal infections, meningitis, UTI, and sepsis.

Haemophilus influenza

(Bacteria) Coccobacillus; causes meningitis, upper respiratory infections

Helicobacter pylori

(Bacteria) Curved rod' causes peptic ulcers and gastritis

Klebsiella pneumonia

(Bacteria) Gram negative enteric; causes pneumonia and UTIs

Listeria monocytogenes

(Bacteria) Gram positive intracellular bacilli, contaminated dairy products; causes listeriosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

(Bacteria) Acid fast rod; causes tuberculosis, becoming increasingly antibiotic resistant

Mycoplasma pneumonia

(Bacteria) Small, lack cell wall; causes atypical pneumonia

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

(Bacteria) Diplococci; causes conjunctivitis, gonorrhea, PID, and urethritis

Neisseria meningitides

(Bacteria) Diplococci; causes meningitis

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

(Bacteria) Gram negative rod, typically multidrug resistant; causes conjunctivitis, folliculitis, UTI, burn and respiratory infections

Rickettsia rickettsii

(Bacteria) Coccobacilli; causes Rocky Mountain Spotted fever

Rochalimaea henselae

(Bacteria) Coccobacilli; causes Cat Scratch Fever

Salmonella enteritidis

(Bacteria) Enteric rod; causes salmonellosis - food poisoning

Salmonella typhi

(Bacteria) Enteric rod; causes typhoid fever

Shigella sp.

(Bacteria) Enteric rod (Low infectious dose); causes shigellosis - bacillary dysentery

Staphylococcus aureus

(Bacteria) Gram positive cocci in clusters; causes abscesses, endocarditis, food poisoning, osteomyelitis, pericarditis, pneumonia, toxic shock syndrome

Streptococcus agalactiae

(Bacteria) Group B Streptococcus; causes neonatal meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis, postpardum endometritis

Streptococcus mutans

(Bacteria) Causes dental caries

Streptococcus pneumonia

(Bacteria) Gram positive diplococci; causes pneumococcal pneumonia, meningitis

Streptococcus pyogenes

(Bacteria) Group A Streptococcus; causes childbed fever, endocarditis, glomerulonephritis, impetigo, pharyngitis

Treponema pallidum

(Bacteria) Causes Syphilus

Yersinia pestis

(Bacteria) Plague

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