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Religion Semester 1 Final
Terms in this set (99)
The only begotten Son of God, Second Person of the Holy Trinity, savior of the human race, both truly God and truly man, the perfect sacrifice for the forgiveness of sins, the person who single-handedly restored the relationship of love and trust between God and humankind that had previously been damaged by the sin of Adam and Eve, God created human beings to be in perfect union with him and one another.
The fullness of God's revealed truth, is entrusted to the Apostles' successors (the Pope and all the bishops of the Church), is the source of all subsequent knowledge of God.
Bible (Sacred Scripture)
Aka Sacred Scriptures, is another source of God's revealed truth for Catholics, closely connected to Sacred Tradition; The Holy Spirit inspired the authors of the Bible to write what God wants us to know for our salvation. The Bible, for Catholics, includes the Old Testament (Hebrew Scriptures) and New Testament (Christian Scriptures). The Catholic Old Testament is based on the Greek Septuagint (c. 250 BC), and has, therefore, seven more books than the Protestant version (which is based on the Hebrew version completed in c. 120 AD). The Greek Septuagint includes 46 books, which together with the New Testament book, makes a total of 73 books in the Catholic Bible (66 in the Protestant Bible).
Catholic practices that express their love and adoration of God, primarily formed by the celebration of the seven Sacraments that were instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church.
Catholics have a special reverence and devotion to the mother of Jesus Christ, we do not worship her (as some people claim), but we honor her as "Mother of God," (remember, Catholics believe Jesus is truly God and truly man.) She was born without Original Sin, and its defects because of who her son was going to be. Mary was the first disciple of her son, Jesus. Mary entirely trusted God. Mary is the spiritual mother of all Christians.
Catholics honor the people of great faith who have preceded them. Saints are believed to be able to continue to pray for those who seek their help (just like we ask people in this life to pray for us). Saints are also looked at as models of Christian life. Everyone is called in some way to be a saint.
The official list of books held by the Catholic Church to be Divinely Inspired. The list is complete - no other books can be added, and no books may be taken away.
the human ability to observe events, apply logical processes to evaluate our observations, and draw logical conclusions from the process.
God revealing himself through nature. Through natural revelation we can know the one true God from the things he has done, that is, from the natural world. Human reason, however, is limited in scope and can be fallible.
God directly reveals himself. This is to give us certain knowledge that we cannot gain from natural revelation alone. Divine Revelation is the foundation of Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture.
A solemn agreement between humans and God in which mutual commitments are recognized. Another name for covenant is testament. There are two central covenants in the Bible: 1. The covenant between God and the ancient people of Israel by way of the Sinai Covenant of Moses; 2. The New Covenant (New Testament) established by Jesus Christ through his life, death, and Resurrection.
the Third Person of the Holy Trinity, sent by the Father and the Son to guide the Church throughout history, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit the Apostles remembered and handed on everything they knew about Jesus.
The proclamation by Christ of the Kingdom of God, written accounts of the life and teachings of Christ, included in the New Testament, attributed to saints: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
Deposit of Faith
Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture form a single sacred Deposit of Faith given to the Church by the Apostles and their successors.
The teaching office (authority and responsibility) of the Church (this means the role of the Catholic Church as the official teacher of the Christian Faith, (the teaching office is vested in the bishops of the Church in union with the Bishop of Rome, aka the Pope).
God is the ultimate author of the Bible, the Holy Spirit inspired the biblical authors to write what God wanted us to know for our salvation.
"without error," Catholics understand that the Bible is without error in communicating what God wants us to know in matters of faith and morality.
The pattern of events in human history that exemplify God's presence and saving actions.
Another name for the Ten Commandments, also called the Law of Moses or the Old Law.
The forty-six books of the Bible that record the history of salvation from Creation, through the story of ancient Israel, and up to the time of Jesus.
The twenty-seven books of the Bible written during the early years of the Church in response to the life, mission, death, and Resurrection of Jesus.
The belief in the existence of God, a gift of God by which one freely accepts his full revelation in Jesus Christ.
the group of the followers (disciples) of Jesus Christ. The marks of the Church are One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic.
our liberation from sin accomplished by God through the Paschal Mystery.
an official profession of faith usually written by a Council of the Church; the two most familiar Catholic creeds are the Apostles' Creed and the Nicene Creed.
an ecclesial (church) movement to restore unity among the Christian churches, also extended to all the people of the world.
Aka, Holy Trinity, the central mystery of the Christian Faith, the dogma that in the one, true God there are three Divine Persons - God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
a translation of the Hebrew word Adonai (which was used as a substitute for name Yahweh, which was considered too sacred to be spoken). In the New Testament, "Lord" is used to designate both the Father and the Son, as a way of emphasizing that Jesus Christ is also God.
a title given to God to signify that God and only God is the ultimate creator of everything that is and everything that will ever be
the sin by which the first humans (Adam and Eve) disobeyed God (and lost their original holiness. Original Sin is transmitted to every person born into the world (sort of like we inherit our parents DNA whether we want it or not).
a personal (meaning an angel is a person) and immortal creature who has intelligence and free will...some angels rebelled against God, while the remainder were faithful to God. The bad angels harass and tempt human beings (as a way to vent their hatred of God); the good angels guide and fortify human beings (as a way of helping us love and glorify God).
all that exists apart from God as a result of an act of God. God made everything out of nothing (God, himself, was never created, but has always existed).
the spiritual aspect of human beings that survives the experience of death.
the view that human beings are trustees of the gifts of God
the tendency (caused by Original Sin) of all human beings to attracted to sin.
The work of salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ through his Passion (suffering and death), Resurrection, and Ascension.
The Hebrew word meaning "anointed one." (In Greek, the word messiah is translated as "Christos.")
The Old Testament name for God, often translated as "I AM WHO I AM."
the mystery of the Son of God becoming a man in the person of Jesus Christ (therefore, Christ is both God and man in one unique person.)
Greek for "God-bearer." This title is given to the Virgin Mary for the purpose of emphasizing the child she birthed into the world is truly God (and truly man).
Kingdom of God
The reign or rule of God over the hearts of his followers and over all creation. Aka, Reign of God.
A story intended to convey a religious truth through the use of metaphors; Jesus frequently used parables to convey his teachings
a follower ("student") of Christ
"one who is sent", a missionary of the Church; also a term in reference to "the Twelve" (The Twelve Apostles) who were personal friends of Christ - they were the group of disciples most familiar with Christ and his ministry.
the suffering and death of Jesus.
"to hear or listen" Obedience is the willingness and commitment to do the will of God...as well as to the Church in her teachings and practices (which teach us the will of God).
The passage of Jesus from death to life on the third day after his Crucifixion...the Resurrection is the heart of the Paschal Mystery
the Biblical event following the Resurrection and ascension of Jesus at which the special gifts of the Holy Spirit were given to his followers.
Fruits of the Holy Spirit
Love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.
Gifts of the Holy Spirit
Wisdom, Understanding (comprehending what is demanded of us to follow Christ), Counsel (having a correct judgment in discerning right from wrong), Fortitude (the courage to do the will of God and to be fearless in defending the faith against people who disrespect God), Knowledge (of the things of God), Piety (reverence for God and holy things), Fear of the Lord (reverential wonder and awe of God).
The official teaching authority of the Catholic Church, whose task is to interpret and preserve the Deposit of Faith.
People of God
The Biblical image of the Church
Marks of the Church
One (unity of belief and purpose), Holy (has the presence of God within it), Catholic (universal in faith and morals - inclusive of all kinds of people), Apostolic (derives directly from the first Apostles of Christ).
A popular summary, usually in book form, of Catholic dogma and doctrine...used for reference and in formulating catechesis (the teaching of the faith). The Catechism of the Catholic Church is official and most authoritative Catholic catechism.
An official proclamation by the Pope that a deceased member of the Church is to be recognized as a saint.
The uninterrupted passing on of authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops - accomplished by the "laying on of hands" and the words of ordination.
The name given to the office and authority of the Bishop of Rome (the Successor to St. Peter the Apostle), the Pope
A gift of the Holy Spirit to the whole Church by which the leaders of the Church (Pope and bishops in union with him) are protected from making an error when formulating a specific teaching on matters of Christian faith and morality.
The central teachings of the Catholic faith, based on Divine Revelation (and therefore, unchanging), defined by the Magisterium, and accorded the highest level of authority
The official teachings of the Church based on Divine Revelation by way of Church dogmas. (Doctrines help to explain dogmas.)
Council of the Church
An official assembly of Church leaders, for the purpose making an important decision about a particular issue (dealing with Catholic faith and morals) confronting the Church.
All the members of the Church, with the exception of those who are ordained (bishops, priests, and deacons). The laity share in Christ's role as "prophet, priest, and king" in their lives in the world.
A way of life recognized by the Church in which a person publicly professes vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience (the Evangelical Vows).
a specific, local community of Catholics under the pastoral care of a priest.
the regional Catholic community under the leadership of a bishop
A ministerial servant of the Church who has received the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders making him a successor of the Apostles. A bishop serves as head of a diocese...an archbishop as head of an archdiocese (an area containing many Catholics)
A ministerial servant of the Church, a priest receives the Sacrament of Holy Orders, he represents and assists the bishop in teaching, governing, and presiding over the community's worship.
The "Chair" of the bishop (this represents his authority), the official church of a diocese or archdiocese (a geographic area pastored by a bishop).
The quality of unending, everlasting life
The judgement of the human race by Christ at his second coming.
The state or condition of eternal life and union with God, including all who are saved, an experience of full happiness and satisfaction
The state of permanent separation from God, reserved for those who freely and consciously choose to reject him to the very end of their lives.
A state of final purification or cleaning, which one may need to enter following death and before entry into Heaven.
Communion of Saints
The spiritual unity of all those who believe in Christ and have been redeemed, including those who have died and those who are still living. (the Church militant, the Church suffering, and the Church triumphant)
The official public worship of the Church - the greatest liturgy in the Catholic Church is the Eucharist or Mass
the three principal holy days for Catholics, commemorating the birth of Christ, the Resurrection of Christ, and the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Church.
An efficacious sign of God's grace, instituted by Christ, and entrusted to the ministry of the Church. There are seven Sacraments in the Christian faith: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance/Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Marriage (matrimony)
The free and undeserved gift of God's loving and active presence in the universe and in our lives. The effectiveness of grace often depends on one's openness to it.
Sacred signs (such as holy water, an icon, a crucifix, or a scapular) that are somewhat similar to Sacraments, but of a limited ability as avenues of grace
The Mass or Lord's Supper, based on an ancient Greek word for "thanksgiving," it is the central Christian liturgical celebration...a remembrance of Jesus' sacrificial death and resurrection ("do this in memory of me) ...and renewed in an unbloodied manner the very sacrificial action of Christ (This is my body...This is my blood.) The Eucharist is considered the heart of the Church's life and worship, and participation in it is expected of all Catholics of the age and ability to do so.
Liturgy of the Word
The first major part of the Mass, it is composed of two to three Scriptural readings, a Psalm, a homily, the recitation of the Nicene or Apostles' Creed, and prayer petitions.
Liturgy of the Eucharist
the second major part of the Mass, it includes the presentation and preparation of the gifts, the prayer over the Offerings, the Eucharistic Prayer, and the Communion Rite
instructs us of the goodness or evil of human acts, attitudes, and values, morality teaches us to use right judgement, personal freedom, and responsibility.
A gift from God that allows human beings to choose from among various actions, for which we are held accountable...it is the basis for moral responsibility.
The internal sense that leads people to understand themselves as responsible for their choices, and prompts them to do what is right and good.
Vices and Virtues
Vice is a practice or habit that leads a person to sin. Virtue is a good habit that moves us to morally good things.
The foundation for both personal morality and civil norms, based on the observance of nature (physical phenomena) and reasoning toward an understanding that nature reveals the purpose and use of things.
Ancient Greek name for the Ten Commandments (the Law of Moses)
The Great Commandments
Christ's summary of the entire Jewish Law..."Love the Lord your God with your whole heart, mind, body, and soul, and love your neighbor as yourself."
Worship of other beings, creatures, or material goods in a way that is fitting for God alone.
Sacrilege and Blasphemy
The willful abuse or destruction of anything dedicated to God, treating God in a way that is irreverent, mocking, or offensive.
The Lord's Day
Another name for Sunday (Sundays should be treated as special to Catholics; a day on which to attend Mass and refrain from unnecessary busy-work).
The study of God and all things pertaining to God.
Virtues that are essential for successful Christian living (namely: Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, and Temperance).
Virtues that influence our relationship with God (namely: Faith, Hope, and Love).
the act of elevating your heart and mind to God; including acts of Adoration, Contrition, Thankfulness, and Supplication, and including sentiments of love.
The Lord's Prayer
A prayer taught by Jesus (therefore, looked at as being the perfect prayer), also called the Our Father.
A virtue by which a person understands that he/she totally depends on God.
Another name for the family (which is the first and most basic community of faith).
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