23 terms

Chapter 5 (Recognizing)

Terms and Definitions
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Americanization Movement
Explicit attempts at assimilating immigrants, primarily those who differed culturally or religiously form Anglo-Americans
Anglo-conformity
Subordinate groups are expected to conform to a white, Protestant, English-Speaking society
Antilynching movement
the movement where the government and people rioted about how the Southern but also people everywhere should stop lynching the blacks because they were equal
Chinese Exclusion Act
The first law in US history to restrict immigration, which is unique in its prohibition of immigrant on the basis of race/ethnicity
Collective Violence
A process by which a group of people respond to deviance or perceived deviance
Cultural assimilation
Whereby the minority group absorbs the culture of the dominant group, its norms, values, and behavioral expectations
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Ethnic enclaves
Communities where immigrants of particular racial/ethnic groups live close proximity and where there are ethnic restaurants, groceries, and other businesses, provides immigrants a supportive buffer from the hostilities of the mainstream as well as employment opportunities otherwise unavailable to them
Global white supremacy
Historically based and institutionally perpetrated system of exploitation and oppression of continents, nations, and peoples classified as 'non-white'
Group position
The position their group occupies, and should occupy, relative to out-groups in the social order
Lynching
A murder carried out in public, administered by mobs, and involves torture such as burning, castration, shooting, or dismemberment
Nativism
A surge in anti-immigrant beliefs and policies
Pogroms
Violent attacks against Jews, Jewish businesses, and synagogues, and Jews' systematic murder at the hands of government officials
Power-threat hypothesis
Argued that lynching increased when competition over economic resources increased or when there was increasing competition for political power
Race relations cycle
Four Stages: Contact, Competition, Accommodation, Assimilation
Race roits
Mob attacks by dominant group members on black communities, with violence against racial minorities and property
Restrictive covenants
Agreements made by homeowners, and backed by law, not to sell their homes to members of particular racial/ethnic minorities groups
Sinophobia
Emerged and resulted in violence against Chinese immigrants, restrictive legislation not faced by other immigrant groups, and damaging stereotypical portrayals in media
Social solidarity
The creation of a sense of community, of belonging to a group
Sojourners
People that migrate for a period of time for work but have no intention of remaining in the new country
Structural assimilation
The merging of dominant and subordinate groups in interpersonal relationships as well
White ethnic
A term used to describe white immigrants that are not European Protestants
Xenophobia
The fear and contempt of strangers