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Congenital Disorders

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congenital
This terms means that a condition is present at birth.
heart
The most common birth defects occur in this organ:
hole in the heart
One of the most common birth defects of the heart (septal defects) can be very minor or a serious conditioning requiring surgery, depending on the size of the ___________________.
hypoplastic left heart syndrome
This heart defect means the left ventricle isn't fully open or developed properly and requires surgery (which has even been done before birth).
coarctation
The condition where the aorta of the heart has a narrow opening (usually requires surgery to allow more blood flow to the body) is known as:
spina bifida
The birth defect due to the neural tube not closing correctly on the spine portion of the body; can be minor to severe (if severe, surgery is necessary and life-long mobility problems usually result).
unknown
The majority of causes for birth defects is:
cleft palate
The birth defect where the roof of the mouth didn't fully close during development. Can cause problems with feeding and speech.
cleft lip
The birth defect where the upper lip didn't fully develop and there is visible hole in the tissue between the nose and mouth.
gastroschisis
The birth defect where some of the stomach and intestines are on the outside and have to be surgically placed inside the body.
hypospadia
The birth defect where the urethra doesn't open at the tip of the penis but rather underneath it.
environmental toxins
Although the cause of most birth defects is unknown, many doctors believe that _____________________ are mainly to blame.
folic acid
Doctors recommending taking this specific vitamin before and during pregnancy to help prevent birth defects.
ssri
This anti-depressant (which increases serotonin) has been linked to causing birth defects.