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23 terms

Educational Psychology Chapter 5

STUDY
PLAY
Culture
The behavior patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a particular group of people that are passed on from generation to generation.
Cross-cultural studies
Studies that compare what happens in one or more other cultures; they provide information about the degree to which people are similar and to what degree behaviors are specific to certain cultures.
Individualism
A set of values that give priority to personal rather than to group goals.
Collectivism
A set of values that give priority to personal rather than to group goals.
Collectivism
A set of values that give priority to personal rather than to group goals.
Socioeconomic status (SES)
A grouping of people with similar occupational, educational, and economic characteristics.
Ethnicity
A shared pattern of characteristics such as cultural heritage, nationality, race, religion and language.
Prejudice
An unjustified negative attitude toward an individual's membership in a group.
English as a second language (ESL)
A widely used term for bilingual education programs and classes that teach English to students whose native language is not English.
Multicultural education
Education that values diversity and includes the perspectives of variety of cultural groups on a regular basis.
Empowerment
Providing people with intellectual and coping skills to succeed and make this a more just world.
Jigsaw Classroom
A classroom in which students from different cultural backgrounds cooperate by doing different parts of a project to reach a common goal.
Gender
The characteristics of people as males and females.
gender role
The set of expectations that prescribed how males and females should think, act and feel.
Gender-typing
The process by which children acquire the thoughts, feelings and behaviors that are considered appropriate for their gender in a particular culture.
Gender Schema theory
States that gender-typing emerges as children gradually develop gender-appropriate and gender inappropriate in their culture.
Gender stereotypes
Broad categories that reflect impressions that beliefs about what behavior is appropriate for females and males.
Sexism
Prejudice and discrimination against an individual because of the person's sex.
Rapport talk
The language of conversation and a way of establishing connections and negotiating relationships; more characteristics of females than males.
Report talk
Talk that gives information; more characteristics of males than females.
Androgyny
The presence of positive masculine and feminine characteristics in the same individual.
Quid pro quo sexual harassment
occurs when a school employee threatens to base an educational decision (such as a grade) on a student's submission to unwelcome sexual conduct.
Hostile environment sexual harassment
occurs when students are subjected to unwelcome sexual conduct that is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it limits the students ability to benefit from their education.