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Grade 4 Jamestown Unit Study Guide

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Reasons for English Colonization in America
Wealth and power; silver and gold; raw materials; open new markets for trade.
King James I of England granted charters to the Virginia Company to
establish a settlement in North America, and to extend English rights to the settlers.
Jamestown was primarily an economic venture, which means
that its purpose was primarily to make money.
Jamestown was financed by (paid for by)
the stockholders of the Virginia Company of London.
Jamestown became the first permanent English settlement in North America in the year
1607.
In 1607, Jamestown was located
on a narrow peninsula in the James River.
Today, Jamestown is located
on an island in the James River.
The location for Jamestown was chosen because it
was easily defended from attack by sea; had water along the shore deep enough for ships to dock; and was thought to have had enough fresh water.
In 1619, the governor of Virginia called a meeting of
the General Assembly.
The 1619 General Assembly was made up of
two representatives ("burgesses") from each of the divisions of Virginia; the Governor's Council; and the Governor; all acting as one legislative body.
The name given to citizen representatives was
Burgesses.
In 1619, the only people who could be citizens were
adult white men. No women, and no one of any race other than Caucasian.
In 1640, the burgesses became a separate legislative body called
the House of Burgesses.
in 1640, the two legislative bodies of the General Assembly were
the House of Burgesses and the Governor's Council.
The General Assembly, since it included colonial citizens, was the first
elected legislative body in English America giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government.
African people were captured from _____ and brought to Jamestown _______.
Angola; against their will.
African people arrived in Jamestown in
1619.
The arrival of African people in Jamestown made it possible to
expand the tobacco economy, because there was more cheap labor.
Additional women arrived in Jamestown in
1620.
The arrival of women made it possible for
settlers to establish families and make Jamestown a permanent settlement.
Hardships faced by the settlers included
a lack of fresh drinking water; a lack of skills to provide for themselves; starvation; disease.
Changes that resulted in the survival of the colony included
the arrival of supply ships; the forced work program and strong leadership of Captain John Smith; the emphasis on agriculture.
Captain John Smith initiated _____ relationships with the native peoples.
trading
English colonists traded _____ to the native peoples.
tools, pots, and copper for jewelry
Native peoples traded _____ to the colonists.
food
Powhatan, chief of many tribes, contributed to the survival of Jamestown by
providing leadership to his own people, and teaching the settlers survival skills.
Pocahontas, daughter of Powhatan, contributed to the survival of Jamestown by
serving as a contact between the native peoples and the English.
The native peoples showed the settlers how to plant
corn and tobacco.
After a time, the native peoples came to see the settlers as
invaders who would take over their land.