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Hemoglobin (Hgb) - low


Hemoglobin (Hgb) - high

Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count)

Hematocrit (Hct) - low

Fluid overload

Hematocrit (Hct) - high


Platelet count - low

Decreased clotting

Platelet count - high

Increased risk of blood clotting

Sodium - low

Fluid overload

Sodium - high


Potassium - low

Cardiac rhythm irregularities

Potassium - high

Cardiac rhythm irregularities

Carbon dioxide - low

Affects acid base balance in blood

Carbon dioxide - high

Affects acid base balance in blood

Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) - low

Liver disease
Fluid overload

Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) - high

Renal disease

Glucose - low

insulin reaction
inadequate glucose intake

Glucose - high

Diabetes Mellitus
stress of surgery

Creatinine - low


Creatine - high

renal disease

White blood cell - low

decreased ability to fight infection

White blood cell - high


Prothrombin time (PT) - low

Risk of clot

Prothrombin time (PT) - high

Risk of bleeding

Partial thromboplastin time (PPT) - low

Risk of clot

Partial thromboplastin time (PPT) - high

risk of bleeding

Activate partial thromboplastin time (APPT) - high

Excess heparin
Risk of spontaneous bleeding

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