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25 terms

Common laboratory blood test

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Hemoglobin (Hgb) - low
Anemia
Hemoglobin (Hgb) - high
Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count)
Hematocrit (Hct) - low
Fluid overload
Hematocrit (Hct) - high
Dehydration
Platelet count - low
Decreased clotting
Platelet count - high
Increased risk of blood clotting
Sodium - low
Fluid overload
Sodium - high
Dehydration
Potassium - low
Cardiac rhythm irregularities
Potassium - high
Cardiac rhythm irregularities
Carbon dioxide - low
Affects acid base balance in blood
Carbon dioxide - high
Affects acid base balance in blood
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) - low
Liver disease
Fluid overload
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) - high
Renal disease
Dehydration
Glucose - low
insulin reaction
inadequate glucose intake
Glucose - high
Diabetes Mellitus
stress of surgery
Creatinine - low
malnutrition
Creatine - high
renal disease
White blood cell - low
decreased ability to fight infection
White blood cell - high
Infection
Prothrombin time (PT) - low
Risk of clot
Prothrombin time (PT) - high
Risk of bleeding
Partial thromboplastin time (PPT) - low
Risk of clot
Partial thromboplastin time (PPT) - high
risk of bleeding
Activate partial thromboplastin time (APPT) - high
Excess heparin
Risk of spontaneous bleeding