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A&P Systems overview
Terms in this set (25)
What does the system level consist of?
(CLIMED SMURF'N) systems: Cardiovascular, Integumentary, , Muscular, Endocrine, Digestive, Skeletal, Male Reproductive, Urinary, Female Reproductive Nervous
What are the Major Organs in the Integumentary System?
Skin, hair, sweat glands, nails
What are the functions of the Integumentary System?
Protect against environmental hazards, regulate body temperature, provides sensory information
What are the major organs in the skeletal system?
bones, bone marrow, cartilages, ligaments, joints
What are the major functions of the skeletal system?
support, protection, movement, hemopoiesis, detoxification, stores calcium and other minerals
What are the major organs in the muscular system?
Skeletal muscles and associated tendons
What are the major functions of the muscular system?
support, protection, movement, generates heat which regulates body temperature
What are the major organs in the nervous system?
brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, sense organs e.g. eyes ears
What are the major functions of the nervous system?
responds to stimuli, interprets sensory information, coordinates activities of other organ systems
What are the major organs in the endocrine system?
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, suprarenal glands, pancreas, gonads(testes and ovaries),
What are the major functions of the endocrine system?
Directs long-term and short-term changes in other organ systems, regulates metabolic activity and energy used by the body, important in growth and sexual maturation
What are the major organs of the cardiovascular system?
heart, blood, blood vessels
What are the major functions of the cardiovascular system?
Distribute blood cells, water, and dissolved materials e.g. waste, oxygen and carbon dioxide, Distribute heat
What are the major organs of the lymphoid system?
lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, tonsils, appendix
What are the major functions of lymphoid system?
Defense, returns tissue fluids to the blood stream, water homeostasis
What are the major organs in the respiratory system?
nasal cavities, sinuses, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs with alveoli and diaphragm
What are the major functions of the respiratory system?
delivers air to alveoli and oxygen to blood stream, removes carbon dioxide from bloodstream, speech
What are the major organs of the digestive system?
teeth, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus
What are the major functions of
the digestive system?
digests food, absorbs water and nutrients, stores energy reserves (glycogen)
What are the major organs in the urinary system?
kidneys, urinary bladder, ureters, urethra
What are the major functions of the urinary system?
water homeostasis by regulating urine produced, stores urine, regulates blood ion concentrations and pH, stimulate red blood cell formation, detoxification
What are the major organs in the male reproductive system?
testes, epididymides, ductus deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis, scrotum
What are the major functions of the male reproductive system?
Produce hormones, suspending fluids, male sex cells, sexual intercourse
What are major organs in female reproductive system? (ovum cul)
ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, labia, clitoris, mammary glands
What are the major functions of the female reproductive system?
Produces hormones & sex cells (oocytes), sexual intercourse, supports developing embryo from conception to delivery, provides milk to nourish newborn infant
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