The Language of Anatomy

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Terms in this set (57)
cruralleg; shin areadeltoidcurve of shoulder formed by large deltoid muscledigitalfingers, toesfemoralthighfibularlateral part of the legfrontalforeheadinguinalarea where thigh meets body trunk; groinnasalnose areaoralmouthorbitaleye areapatellaranterior kneepelvicarea overlying the pelvis anteriorlypubicgenital regionsternalbreastbone areatarsalankle regionthoracicchestumbilicalnavelcalcanealheel of footcephalicheadfemoralthighglutealbuttocklumbararea of back between ribs and hipsoccipitalposterior surface of headolecranalposterior surface of elbowpoplitealposterior knee areasacralarea between hipsscapularshoulder blade regionsuralthe posterior surface of lower leg; the calfvertebralarea of spineplantarsole of the footanatomical postitionbody is erect with the feet parallel and the arms hanging at the sides with the palms facing fowardssectioncutplaneimaginary linesagittal sectiona cut along the lengthwise, or longitudinal, plane of the body, dividing the body into right and left partsmedian/midsagittal sectiona cut down the median plane of the body and the right and left parts are equal in sizefrontal/coronal sectiona cut along a lengthwise plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior partstransverse/cross sectiona cut along a horizontal plane, dividing the body or organ into superior and inferior partssuperior (cranial or cephalad)toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above The forehead is superior to the nose.inferior (caudal)away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below The navel is inferior to the breastbone.ventral (anterior)toward or at the front of the body; in front of The breastbone is anterior to the spine.dorsal (posterior)toward or at the backside of the body; behind The heart is posterior to the breastbone.medialtoward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side The heart is medial to the arm.lateralaway from the midline of the body; on the outer side of The arms are lateral to the chest.proximalclose to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk The elbow is proximal to the wrist.distalfarther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk The knee is distal to the thigh.superficial (external)toward or at the body surface The skin is superficial to the skeleton.deep (internal)away from the body surface; more internal The lungs are deep to the rib cage.