11 terms

Philos 2450, Post Midterm 2 Material

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Walton
art has certain properties which allow it to be art and allow it to exist within certain catergories of art. If there are two pieces of art that are perceptually the same, then are they the same even when created by different people at different times?
standard properties
peoperties that allow art to fit in that specific catergory, its absense would disqualify it from being in that category (e.g. drum, guitar, singer in a band)
Variable Properties
properties that have nothing to do with the work itself
contra-standard properties
the absense of a standard feature (e.g. an orchestra on a rock record)
Weitz
art is an open concept with no necessary or sufficient conditions, it's impossible to define art as a set of priciples as there are expansive and novel changes constantly
Wittgenstein
Instead of looking for a common feature of a category of art we should look at how any two are related to each other, they are related to each other in one way or another even if they don't have the same common feature as another third piece of art (e.g. the game Spot It, they have one picture in common per card, but it changes on every card)
Mandelbaum
maybe categories of art do possess a common attribute even if it may not be directly exhibited, what is essential to art are relational features
manifest features
things that show themselves to you
relational attribute
a property that envolves a relation
Danto
without the theory of art there can be no art, consider Warhol's brillo box, one is art one is a supermarket item. These are two works which look perceptually the same but they are different because they are interpreted differently
Dickie
institutional theory of art- taking art to an institution makes it art, in order for something to be declared as art it needs to be declared as such by someone with the powe to declare it. It also needs to be displayed in their respective institutions (e.g. opera house, bar, gallery etc.)