Terms in this set (136)
A judgment has been properly recorded. Any subsequent purchasers, whether they have actually examined the record or not, have been givenconstructive noticeWhat type of map is MOST useful for describing the terrain of a very hilly lot?contour mapThe Department of Housing and Urban Development estimates that most private homes built before 1978 contain potentially dangerous levels of lead. Because of this, some Federal agencies, such as FHA,Require the buyer to acknowledge disclosure of the presence of any known lead paint.At the time of listing, the seller tells the listing agent they are moving because the neighbor has loud parties every weekend. The agent shouldtell potential buyers about the parties. (Any social information expressed to an agent can be shared)A major reason for buying and owning a condominium rather than a detached single-family home is thata condominium tends to be more affordable.A buyer was negotiating the purchase of a house for himself. During a conversation with the seller, the seller agreed to include all kitchen appliances in the sale, and this fact was included in the sales contract. In this situation, if the seller takes the appliances with him, what recourse does the buyer have?The buyer may sue the seller for specific performance.A loan which requires the borrower to pay interest only until the maturity date (or due date), and then to pay the entire principal on the maturity date, is called astraight (term) loan (AKA term loan)The real estate contract for a specific property for use as an unlicensed whiskey sales operation was forced to terminate. The termination was the result ofImpossibility of performance. - - (Key word: *Unlicensed* whiskey sales operation).A broker lists a property, with a listing contract allowing subagency and dual agency. One of the broker's salespersons shows the property. The salesperson would be classified asa subagent of the seller. — (Think - brokerage is the AGENCY, salesperson is working under the agency)The relationship in which the agent is placed in the position of trust and confidence to the principal is known by the termfiduciaryAn agreement to purchase that has NOT yet closed isan executory contract.When compiling a competitive market analysis, a broker would look for comparable properties thatwere located near the property being listed.The power vested in the government to establish legislation to preserve order, protect the public health and safety, and promote the general welfare is known aspolice powerIf a borrower can afford to make monthly principal and interest payments of $1,000 and the lender will make a 30-year loan at 8-1/2%, how large a loan (rounded to the nearest $100) can this buyer afford? (BE SURE TO USE THE AMORTIZATION TABLE.)$130,000An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)projects the impact on the environment of a proposed project.In an exclusive right-to-sell listing, an owner lists the property for sale with how many brokers?OneA prospective buyer made an offer to purchase a property. The owner responded with a counteroffer. While the buyer was reviewing the counteroffer, the owner received a better offer. The owner can accept the second offer ifthe owner withdraws the counteroffer before it is accepted.Antitrust laws prohibit competing brokers from all of the following EXCEPTreceiving compensation from both the buyer and the seller.Without checking the facts, a broker who is the seller's agent tells a buyer that the property taxes in a particular neighborhood are among the lowest in the area. The buyer relies on the broker's statement and makes an offer on a house in the neighborhood. Before closing, it is determined that the taxes are actually among the highest in the area. The buyer could seek to rescind the contract on the basis ofmisrepresentationThe sellers have agreed to give the buyers an allowance of $16.95 per square yard to retile the kitchen. If the kitchen is 10 feet x 14 feet, how much will it cost the sellers (to the nearest dollar)?$264Three identical homes in a neighborhood were listed at the same time in a market where demand was constant. According to the law of supply and demand, which would have sold for the lowest price?the first soldWhich of the following is the first action to take when mold problems are found?Identify and remedy the cause of the problems.A borrower has defaulted on the mortgage. The mortgage contains an acceleration clause. This permits the lender todemand immediate payment of the entire note.A buyer is getting a fully amortized loan for $220,000. The bank will give the buyer the loan for 15 years at 5 1/2% or for 30 years at 6 1/2%. To the nearest cent, what is the difference between the monthly payments for these two loans? (BE SURE TO USE THE AMORTIZATION TABLE.)$409.20A property management plan may serve different purposes for different owners, and generally has to strike a balance between preservation of the property's value and generation of income. Which of the following owners would MOST likely prefer a property manager who emphasizes maintenance of value over profitability?An individual entrepreneur who owns several apartment buildings.A written agreement in which a purchaser agrees to buy and a seller agrees to sell is calleda contractErrors and Omissions insurance covers the broker forUnintentional misrepresentationAn example of a contract terminated due to inability to perform would be one in which theseller had contracted for sale of the entire property without the knowledge or consent of the other joint tenant.According to the Truth-in-Lending Act, if any "trigger terms" are used in an ad, all of the following disclosures MUST appear in the...cash price or amount of the loan, amount of down payment required and number, amount, and frequency of payments. DO NOT NEED TO INCLUDE PREPAYMENT PENALTIES AND REBATES.A deed restriction is applicable to the activities ofpresent and future owners.In MOST states, foreclosed property is sold throughPublic AuctionA tenant rented an apartment, signing a 15-month lease. After the lease expired, the tenant paid 1 month's rent and got a receipt. What kind of leasehold does the tenant have?tenancy at willWhen preparing a market data estimate of value, which of the following categories of adjustment is NOT essential?The original cost of the building.Which of these Federal laws regulates the advertisement of a lender's credit terms (rates, payment, etc.)?Regulation ZA couple owns an older home in a neighborhood that is becoming a commercial area. Because of the change in the use of the land, the couple can expect the value of their parcel to increase at some future time. This is an example of the principle ofanticipationA contract has been drawn which obliges the sellers to convey title to their land to the buyers if the buyers come up with $22,000 on or before December 31st. This is calledan option contractWhen a principal authorizes an agent to perform a particular act or transaction, it is an example of aSpecial AgencyA charge of violation of Federal Fair Housing laws can be heard by an administrative law judge within the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) or by a Federal district court judge in Federal court. The advantage of a Federal court hearing to the complaining party is thatThere is no dollar limit on damages paidA managing broker can be held responsible forall real estate activities of salespersons.When land is conveyed to a trustee, the trustee maydo whatever is permitted under the trust agreementOn January 15, a seller paid $960 in annual property tax for the current calendar year. A buyer is purchasing the house with the closing set for March 1. What will be the seller's credit for the property taxes already paid if the buyer pays for the day of closing? Use a 360-day year and a 30-day month.$800An owner lists her home at a 7% commission rate and wants to net $45,000 after paying the mortgage balance of $68,000 and the broker's commission. To the nearest dollar, what should the selling price be to net her $45,000? 1.)$105,090. 2.) $110,753. 3.) $120,910. 4) None of the above.None of the above.During the listing presentation, the seller questions the amount of commission to be paid and is toldthe amount of commission is negotiable.Why was the Jones vs. Mayer decision of 1968 important?By upholding the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the Supreme Court removed all exceptions to racial discrimination in housing.A broker supplies the financing for a project to build condominiums with the stipulation that he has the exclusive right to sell the completed condos. What type of agency BEST describes this relationship?Agency coupled with an interestA broker says, while showing a rural property, "This property has the world's purest well water." This would be an example ofan expression of opinion, or puffing, which could lead to misrepresentation.The day after a broker's listing on a house expired, it was listed with another broker and offered in the MLS. Several days later, a third licensee called the first broker and asked for the key to show the home. The broker should inform the caller thatHe is no longer the listing agent.At the closing on June 15, the buyer is assuming a mortgage presently on the property, on which the monthly interest charge is currently $600. The seller has made the payment due on June 1. Assuming a VA mortgage, what is the adjustment made at closing?Debit the seller $300, Credit the buyer $300When is racial discrimination in the rental of rooms or apartments permitted?Under no circumstancesAt the time of harvest, crops that require annual planting are generally considered to bePersonal PropertyUnder a land contract for deed, who retains fee ownership of the property?VendorWhich of the following statements about discount points is FALSE? 1.) They are computed as a percentage of the selling price. 2.) They are used to buy down interest rate. 3.) They are a function of the marketplace. 4.) They are paid by either the buyer or the seller.They are computed as a percentage of the selling price.The PRIMARY purpose of zoning ordinances is toimplement a local master plan.How does a creditor who has obtained a judgment get satisfaction against a debtor who will not pay?Writ of executionThe economic characteristics of land areScarcity, location, and durability.An easement can be terminated byMerger of titlesWhat event would AUTOMATICALLY cancel a listing agreement?Property owner's death.Prospective buyers made an offer on a property. The seller did NOT accept, but made a counteroffer. The prospective buyers signed the counteroffer and the real estate agent delivered their acceptance to the seller. In the interim, the same buyers had found another house that they liked better and made an offer on it, which was accepted. Define the contractBoth contracts are valid.A tenant rented an apartment, signing a 15-month lease. After the lease expired, the tenant paid 1 month's rent and got a receipt. What kind of leasehold goes the tenant have?tenancy at willHow does a creditor who has obtained a judgement get satisfaction against a debtor who will not pay?write of executionTimeshare ownership programs MOST often used in what type of ownership form?tenancy in commonReal property can be converted to personal property byseveranceTwo lots of the same size are sold on a street. The lot on the corner sells for $20,000 more than the lot in the middle of the street. What characteristic MOST likely explains the price difference?situsIn every real estate transaction, a legal description of the real estate MUST appear in the transaction documents. What kind of legal description should be used in MOST transactions?the same one used in prior transfers of the parcel, verified by a surveyorA landowner wishes to build a neighborhood grocery store on a busy street in an area zoned for residential use. What would be MOST likely be used to obtain permission for this store?conditional use permit or zoning varianceAn environmental impact statement typically describes the effects of a proposed project on factors such aspublic health and safetyNew sidewalks installed only on one particular street will probably be paid for bya special assessmentA lawsuit for inverse condemnation may be brought bythe homeownerAlthough states make specific laws governing water rights and the rights in land that borders water, most states generally follow one of two basic doctrines regarding water rights. Either riparian and littoral rights are automatically conveyed with property, or all water rights are controlled by the state under the doctrine or prior appropriation. The doctrine of prior appropriation is MOST likely to be followed in states wherewater is scarceWhen more than one approach to value is applied to a property and different indications of value are produced, how should the final estimate of value be determined?reconciliationAn appraiser MUST be licensed or certified to handle Federally related work on residential property valued at more than$250,000When preparing a market data estimate of value, which of the following categories of adjustment is NOT essential? a. the amount of square footage b. the location of the property c. the original cost of the building d. the date of sale of the comparablesthe original cost of the buildingAll of the following are methods to calculate the reproduction or replacement cost of a building EXCEPT the a. quantity survey method b. unit-in-place method c. square foot method d. straight-line methodstraight-line methodIf all other factors are equal, in which location is a parking lot likely to bring the highest sales price?business district zoned for a six-story office buildingParcels A, B, and C are located side by side and owned by three different owners. A is worth $20,000, B is worth $27,000, and C is worth $16,000 for a total of $63,000. A developer believes that if all three can be purchased, the larger parcel would be worth $85,000. By assembling these under one owner they would be worth $22,000 more than their individual values. This demonstrates which principle of value?plottageA prospective seller asks a salesperson to recommend a listing price for a property. The salesperson should suggesta competitive market analysisThe FHA functions MOST likean insurance companyA loan which requires the borrower to pay interest only until the maturity date (or due date), and then pay the entire principal on the maturity date, is called aterm loanWhich of the following statements about discount points is FALSE? a. they are computed as a percentage of the selling price b. they are used to buy down interest rate c. they are a function of the marketplace d. they are paid by either the buyer or the sellerthey are computed as a percentage of the selling priceWhen is flood insurance REQUIRED in order to obtain a loan?when the property is located in a flood hazard zoneUsury laws were enacted to protect theborrowerA buyer made an offer on a property that was listed at $350,000. She wanted to put $35,000 down and make payments to the seller, allowed the seller to retain title until the principal was paid off. The seller accepted, and the buyer became avendeeThe Equal Credit Opportunity Act addresses all of the following EXCEPT a. discrimination in lending b. written statements of credit denial c. acceptable factors for borrower analysis d. standardization of interest ratesstandardization of interest ratesUnder the terms of their listing contract, the owners may sell their house themselves and pay no commission. If their agent sells it, a commission will be due. What kind of listing contract do the owners have?exclusive agency listingThe real estate licensee who accepts an undisclosed fee for referring a buyer to a specific title company may be in violation ofRESPAWhich of the following events would AUTOMATICALLY cancel a listing agreement?property owners deathAnother term for the owner of a property listed with your firm is theclientA broker has brought a ready, willing, and able buyer to a seller. In MOST listing contracts, the broker has earned his commission whenthe seller accepts the offerThe day after a broker's listing on a house expired, it was listed with another broker and offered in the MLS. Several days later, a third licensee called the first broker and asked for the key to show the home. The broker should inform the called thathe is no longer the listing agentWhen a principal authorizes an agent to perform a particular act or transaction, it is an example of what type of agency?special agencyOne common method for controlling the problems created by conflict of interest in dual representation isallowing a broker to designate separate salespeople within the company as legal representatives of each of the clientsA broker supplies the financing for a project to build condominiums with the stipulation that he has the exclusive right to sell the completed condos. Which type of agency is thisagency coupled with an interestState laws differ on whether a buyer is entitled to know abouta suicide that occurred in the house last yearThe real estate broker who is listing a house for sale should personally verifythe number of SF in the buildingA seller tells the listing agent that her home was treated for termites 10 years ago, so there are no termites now. Before listing the property, the agent should a. tell the seller not to disclose, because the statute of limitations has run out b. tell the seller to disclose the termite treatment on the property disclosure c. talk to neighbors to see if there are termites in the neighborhood d. talk to the planning and zoning department for local termite eradication ordinancetell the seller to disclose the termite treatment on the property disclosureA seller mentions to his agent that the previous owners of his property may have dumped hazardous waste on the site. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), who is liable for damages from the dumping prior to the sale of the property?sellerThe Department of Housing and Urban Development estimates that most private homes built before 1978 contain potentially dangerous levels of lead. Because of this, some Federal agencies, such as FHA, require ____the buyer to acknowledge disclosure of the presence of any known lead paintAt the time of listing, the seller tells the listing agent they are moving because the neighbor has loud parties every weekend. The agent shouldtell potential buyers about the partiesA contract has been drawn which obliges the sellers to convey title to their land to the buyers if the buyers come up with $22,000 on or before December 31. This is calledan option contractA company agrees to lease a property to be used as a gambling casino. State laws prohibit gambling. This particular contract would be legally defined asvoidThe real estate contract for a specific property for use as an unlicensed whiskey sales operation was forced to terminate. The termination was a result ofimpossibility of performanceAn amount of money, agreed to in writing by buyer and seller, that will serve as full compensation if one party does not live up to a sales contract is calledliquidated damagesA couple signed a lease on an apartment for a period of 1 year. The lease does NOT contain an automatic renewal clause. The couple plans to move out at the end of the lease rather than renew it. How much notice MUST they give to comply with the lease term?no notice requiredThe escrow officer or closing agent MUST give information regarding the sales price and seller's social security number toIRSA judgement has been properly recorded. Any subsequent purchasers, whether they have actually examined the record or not, have been given is?constructive noticeFor Federal income tax purposes, what are the costs of homeownership that may be deducted from gross income?mortgage loan interest, local property taxes, mortgage loan origination feesAt the closing on June 15, the buyer is assuming a mortgage presently on the property, on which the monthly interest charge is currently $600. The seller has made the payment due on June 1. Assuming a VA mortgage, what is the adjustment made at closing? a. credit seller $300, credit buyer $300 b. debit seller $300, debit buyer $300 c. credit seller $300, debit buyer $300 d. debit seller $300, credit buyer $300debit seller $300, credit buyer $300When someone has living heirs but dies without leaving a will, the estate is distributed according to thestatue of descentis NOT usually prorated at closing?special tax assessmentsThe buyer is assuming a mortgage presently on the property in the amount of $110,000. What is the adjustment made at closing? a. credit buyer $110,000, debit seller $110,000 b. credit seller $110,000, debit buyer $110,000 c. credit buyer $110,000, no adjustment to seller d. credit seller $110,000, no adjustment to buyercredit buyer $110,000, debit seller $110,000The statement "this property has the most beautiful views in the neighborhood" is an example ofpuffingThe Civil Rights Act of 1866 prohibits any type of discrimination based onraceAntitrust laws prohibit competing brokers from all of the following EXCEPT a. boycotting other brokers in the marketplace b. dividing the market to restrict competition c. agreeing to set sales commissions and management rates d. receiving compensation from both the buyer and the sellerreceiving compensation from both the buyer and the sellerA real estate brokerage company has developed standardized policies regarding the inventory of properties to be shown to prospective buyers, the company's standards for qualifying buyers, and documentation of all conversations and showings. These policies can help the firm defend itself in the event of an accusation of discrimination, but only if the policiesrequire every licensee in the firm to follow them consistentlyEarnest money should be deposited into a trust accountin a timely manner, according to state lawsThe practice of inducing panic selling in a neighborhood for financial gain isblockbustingAccording to the Truth-in-Lending Act, if any "trigger terms" are used in an ad, all of the following disclosures MUST appear in the ad EXCEPT the a. cash price or amount of the loan b. amount of down payment required c. number, amount, and frequency of payments d. prepayment penalties and rebatesprepayment penalties and rebatesAn agent shows a home to a couple and mentions that it has a lovely fireplace in the living room. After buying the home, the buyers and agent discover that the brick fireplace is just a decorative fireplace and is not "wood burning." What would BEST protect the agent from financial loss? a. the state recovery fund b. E&O coverage c. homeowner warranty insurance d. a business pursuits endorsement on the agent's homeowners insurance policyE&O coverageThe buyer wants to make the purchase offer contingent on a complex mortgage arrangement. The buyer's agent who is drawing up the contract shouldsuggest the buyer ask a lawyer to furnish the wordingToo much leverage may result innegative cash flowOwnership of common stock in a corporation givesan interest that is classified as personal propertyLegal descriptions using the government survey system are NOT generally used inthe original 13 states.Salesperson Susan was at the local coffee shop with some agents from other offices. The subject of commissions came up, and agents began to compare their commission rates. Susan shouldadvise her friends this could constitute a violation of Sherman Antitrust Act.Although states make specific laws governing water rights and the rights in land that borders water, most states generally follow one of two basic doctrines regarding water rights. In many states, the common law doctrine of riparian and littoral rights dictates that water rights are automatically conveyed with property. In others, all water rights are controlled by the state under the doctrine ofprior appropriation.A couple listed their home with a broker. After 2 months, the seller found a buyer, and the sale closed. The seller was not obligated to pay a commission to the broker. This listing was MOST likelyan exclusive agency listing.A broker has signed a listing contract for the sale of a home. Which of the following could make this contract voidable? a. The seller cannot write and sign with an "X". b. The listing contract specifies that no other broker may show the house. c. The seller is heavily under the influence of alcohol at the time of signing. d. The listing contract specifies that a commission will be paid only if the house is sold within 3 weeks.The seller is heavily under the influence of alcohol at the time of signing.
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Credit scorecards are used by financial institutions to help decide to whom loans should be granted. An analysis of the records of one bank produced the following probabilities.
|Loan Performance||Under 400||400 or More|
What proportion of loans given to scorers of 400 or more fully repay?
The following random sample was selected from a normal distribution: 4,6,3,5,9,3. Assume that the sample mean xˉ and sample standard deviation s remain exactly the same as those you just calculated but are based on a sample of n=25 observations rather than n=6 observations. Repeat parts a-c. What is the effect of increasing the sample size on the width of the confidence intervals?
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