American History Chapter 9
Terms in this set (40)
aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life
Progressive Movement Goals
protecting social welfare, promoting moral improvement, creating economic reform, fostering efficiency
reformer who worked to prohibit child labor and to improve conditions for female workers
Illinois Factory Act of 1893
prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours
A total ban on the sale and consumption of alcohol
(Women's Christian Temperance Union) group organized in 1874 that worked to ban the sale of liquor in the U.S.
1906 - Journalists who searched for corruption in politics and big business
the application of scientific principles to increase efficiency in the workplace
Robert La Follette
1855-1925. Progressive Wisconsin Senator and Governor. Staunch supporter of the Progressive movement, and vocal opponent of railroad trusts, bossism, WWI, and League of Nations.
Muller v. Oregon
1908 - Supreme Court upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health
Bunting v. Oregon
a Supreme Court Ruling in 1917 where the court accepted a 10 hour day for both men and women
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
a vote on the initiative
procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
1913 constitutional amendment allowing American voters to directly elect US senators
National Association of Colored Women
Susan B. Anthony
Key leader of woman suffrage movement
the right to vote
National American Woman Suffrage Association
Suffragist leaders 3 part strategy
1. Convince state legislatures to grant women the right to vote.
2. Pursue Court cases testing the 14th Amendment
3. Push for a national constitutional amendment
Wrote "The Jungle"
This 1906 work by Upton Sinclair pointed out the abuses of the meat packing industry. The book led to the passage of the 1906 Meat Inspection Act.
He took over the presidency after William McKinley was assassinated in 1901. He became the youngest president ever at the age of 42.
Theodore Roosevelt's promise of fair and equal treatment for all
1902 Coal Strike
in Pennsylvania coal miners struck for higher wages shorter working day an unions it was growing near to winter and there was no agreement made so Roosevelt stepped in and urged both sides to agree to a arbitration later the agreed to higher pay shorter work days but no union
Meat Inspection Act
1906 - Laid down binding rules for sanitary meat packing and government inspection of meat products crossing state lines.
Pure Food and Drug Act
Halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
William Howard Taft
27th president of the U.S.; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff; he lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
a set of tax regulations, enacted by Congress in 1909, that failed to significantly reduce tariffs on manufactured goods. This made progressives angry.
Bull Moose Party
A name given to the Progressive Party, formed to support Theodore Roosevelt's candidacy for the presidency in 1912.
28th President of the United States. Won the presidency in 1912. Campaigned on a progressive platform called the New Freedom.
Carrie Chapman Catt
Susan B. Anthony's successor. She concentrated on 5 different ways to gain the right to vote for women: organization, close ties between local, state, and national workers, having a wide base for support, cautious lobbying, and ladylike behavior.
Clayton Antitrust Act
This prohibited corporations from acquiring the stock of another if doing so would create a monopoly. It also specified that labor unions not only had the right to exist but also would not be subject to antitrust laws. This antitrust measure made strikes, peaceful picketing, boycotts, and the collection of strikes benefits legal.
Federal Trade Commission
This agency investigated possible violations, required periodic reports from corporations, and put an end to a number of unfair business practices.
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that authorized Congress to enact a national income tax.
Federal Reserve System
the nation's central banking system
Gave women the right to vote
Prohibited the sale of interstate commerce goods produced by children