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13 terms

Phonics

STUDY
PLAY
Phonics
-pulling apart sounds and letters
-how language is put together
-connecting letters, sounds, patterns
-44 different sounds
-Ages 3-8
Alphabetic principle
-understand how the alphabet works
-know the order
-letters that make sounds and words
-knowing names and shapes of letters
Phonemic Awareness
abilities to notice and work with individuals sounds with spoken language
Phonological Awareness
understanding that spoken language is made p of individual and separate sounds
Decoding
using letters on page to retrieve sounds associated with these letters
Encoding
the opposite of decoding, the knowledge of letter sound relationship to identify letters that will be needed to make a specific word
Emergent Literacy
view that literacy begins at birth and is encouraged through participation
Literacy
all activates involved in speaking, listening, writing, and reading, in appreciating spoken language
Top-Down Approach
whole to parts method--main idea is important, not necessarily the small parts reading a book--raising your hand when you hear the letter m
Bottom-Down Approach
parts to whole method--all little pieces=big whole--explain the bigger picture, writing m five times
Balanced Literacy Approach
combination of top down and bottom up approaches
Explicit Teaching
-Directly saying what you are going/want to teach the students
-Teacher thinks out loud tell students what they are going to do and helps them through the process
Implicit Teaching
Teaching concepts without directly saying what you want the students to do, objective not directly stated