Peters enlightenment era test
Terms in this set (17)
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property. Blank Slate Theory, seperation of powers
(1689-1755) wrote 'Spirit of the Laws': executive, legislative, judicial, he said that no single set of political laws was applicable to all - depended on relationship and variables, supported division of government, similar to Hobbes, mans desire to seek nourishment; man is drawn to there people; man is motivated to live in human nature,
French, reason and logic, rebelled against religion, All truth is behind reason, connected different branches of science
(1712-1778) Believed that society threatened natural rights and freedoms. Wrote about society's corruption caused by the revival of sciences and art instead of it's improvement. He was sponsored by the wealthy and participated in salons but often felt uncomfortable and denounced them. Wrote "The Social Contract."
Scottish moral philosopher and a pioneer of political economics. Seen today as the father of Capitalism. Wrote On the Wealth of Nations (1776) One of the key figures of the Scottish Enlightenment.
Greatest German philosopher of Enlightenment-separated science and morality into separate branches of knowledge-science could describe nature, it could not provide a guide for morality. Wrote Critique of Pure Reason
(1694-1778) French philosopher. He believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government. He also spoke out against the corruption of the French government, and the intolerance of the Catholic Church.
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings, people are inherently evil and man has no natural authority
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for women's equality with men, even in voting, in her 1792 "Vindication of the Rights of Women." Founder of feminism
Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)
Renaissance vs. enlightenment
Renaissance: individual improvement, focus on past to move forward, wants church to improve or to make a new one,
Enlightenment: societal improvement, All new ideas/new solutions, secular movement focusing on reason
French Revolution was punctuated by what?
The worst famine in French history
What caused the great fear?
Inflation of food prices sending peasants to the cities looking for work
National Assembly created what constitution?
Constitution of 1791
What government system was created in stage one?
A limited monarchy
What was the constitution in stage three
Constitution of 1795
Government system created in stage 3
5 man directory and 2 house legislators
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