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disorder in which the person does not fully resolve the conflict in a particular psychosexual stage, resulting in personality traits and behavior associated with that earlier stage

oral stage

first stage occurring in the first year of life in which the mouth is the erogenous zone and weaning is the primary conflict

anal stage

second stage occurring from about 1-3 years of age, in which the anus is the erogenous zone and toilet training is the source of conflict

anal expulsize personality

a person fixated in the anal stage who is messy, destructive and hostile

anal retentive personality

a person fixated in the anal stage who is neat, fussy, stingy, and stubborn

phallic stage

third stage occurring from about 3-6 years of age, in which the child discovers sexual feelings

oedipus complex

situation occurring in the phallic stage in which a child develops a sexual attraction to the opposite-sex parent and jealousy of the same-sex parent


defense mechanism in which a person tries to become like someone else to deal with anxiety


fourth stage occurring during the school years, in which the sexual feelings of the child are repressed while the child develops in other ways


freuds term for both the theory of personality and the therapy based on it


followers of freud who developed their own competing psychodynamic theories

personal unconscious

jungs name for the unconsious mind as described by freud

colllective unconscious

jungs name for the memories shared by all members of the human species


jungs collective, universal human memories

basic anxiety

anxiety created when a child is born into the bigger and more powerful world of older children and adults

neurotic personalities

personalities typified by maladaptive ways of dealing iwth relationships in horney's theory

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