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Unit 4: Political Organization
Terms in this set (83)
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Binational or Multinational State
State that contains more than one nation
Invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory and the control its leaders have
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state
A force that divides people and countries
The completion between the two world superpowers-US and Russian- for control of land all over the world, it involve little combat, but threats of deadly force
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly, giving it a shape similar to a circle
A system that spreads power among many sub-units and has a weak central government
Boundaries set between countries by cultural differences, also called cultural boundaries
The portion of a country that contains its economic, political, intellectual, and cultural focus.
A model of the spatial structure of development in which underdeveloped countries are defined by their dependence on a developed core region.
An invisible boundary set by ethnic differences such as language or religion.
The spread of representative government to more countries and the process of making governments more representative
The decentralization of decision making to regional governments
Conflict over location usually associated with physical boundaries.
A disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states
disagreements over the control or use of shared resources, such as boundary rivers or jointly claimed fishing grounds
disagreements between neighboring states over policies to be applied to their common border; often induced by differing customs regulations, movement of nomadic groups, or illegal immigration or emigration.
Economic inequalities that lead to the break up of a state
The study of the geographical elements of the organization and results of elections.
A state with a long narrow shape
A distinct region or community enclosed within a larger territory
A part of a country that is separated from the rest of the country and surrounded by foreign territory.
Ethnic causes for the break up of a state
The tendency for an ethnic group t see itself as a distinct nation with a right to autonomy or independence
A 2004 European Union document, not yet ratified, which significantly increased the extent of European unity.
European Monetary Union
The agreement among the participating member states of the European Union to adopt a single hard currency and monetary system.
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
Government systems that divide the powers between the national government and state or provincial governments
Capital city that serves as a model for national objectives, especially for economic development and future hopes
Divisons within states based on ethnic or cultural identity
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
Straight, imaginary lines that set boundaries between countries
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
The study of the spatial and territorial dimensions of power relationships within a global political-territorial order
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
The leadership and institutions that make policy decisions for a country
Hypothesis that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world.
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
Stable, long lasting organizations, that help to turn political ideas into policy
A process that encourages states to pool thier sovereignty to gain political, economic, and social advantages
Boundaries that divide the interiors of a country into sections
The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state.
State surrounded by other land with no direct outlet to the sea
Economic decisions are made by individuals or the open market.
The state's recreation of a market in which property, labor, goods, and services can all function in a competitive environment to determine their value.
An approach to dividing and creating boundaries at the mid-point between two places
A state or territory that is small in both size and population.
Rearranging districts to allow a minority representative to be elected
Area in which the majority of the constituents in the district are racial or ethnic minorities. Used to sway electoral votes
A combination of a command and market economy
Government policy that attempts to manage the economy by controlling the money supply and thus interest rates.
A state that has more than one dominant region in terms of economics or politics
A group of people that is bound together by a common political identity
A state whose territorial extent coincides with that occupied by a distinct nation or people
Loyalty and devotion to a nation
A state that completely surrounds another state
Boundary defined by a physical land mark like a river or a lake
The study of the political organization of the planet
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Politicization of Religion
The use of religious principles to promote political ends
Activities associated with the governance of a country, especially regarding the struggle for control and power
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
The transfer of state-owned property to private ownership
Father of modern political geography
The position of a place in relation to another place
Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provided the base for world conquest.
Body of the Un that includes five permanent members that can establish peace keeping forces needed in "hotspots" of conflict
Refers to the social movements for a particular group of people to separate from a dominant political institution under which they suffer
An zone of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
The breakup of a state at its margins due to distance and remoteness
A common people without a state
A politically organized territory that is administered by a sovereign government and is recognized by the international community.
Cooperating groups of nations that operate on either a regional or international level to make major decisions and rules
A state's geographical shape, size, and relative location, which can affect its spatial cohesion and political viability.
Efforts to control pieces of the earth's surface for political and social ends
"Third Wave" Of Democratization
Refers to the third major surge of democracy in history; characterized by the defeat of dictatorial or totalitarian rulers in South America, Eastern Europe, and some parts of Africa
Informal term denoting the main areas in which the EU has worked since the Maastricht Treaty.
A state in which most political power exists at the national level, with limited local authority.
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