20 terms

Diseases & Abnormal Conditions - Integumentary

Health Science - Diseases and Abnormal Conditions of Integumentary System
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acne vulgaris
an inflammation of the sebaceous glands
athlete's foot
contagious fungal infection that usually affects the feet
basal cell carcinoma
cancer of the basal cells in the epidermis of the skin. It grows slowly and does not usually spread
squamous cell carcinoma
affects the thin cells of the epithelium and can spread quickly to other areas of the body
melanoma
develops in the melanocytes of the epidermis and is the most dangerous type of skin cancer
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin, can be caused by any substance that irritates the skin
eczema
a noncontagious, inflammatory skin disorder caused by an allergen or irritant. Diet, cosmetics, soaps, medications, and emotional stress can all cause this.
impetigo
highly contagious skin infection usually caused by streptococci or staphylococci organisms.
psoriasis
a chronic, noncontagious skin disease with periods of exacerbation's and remissions. The cause is unknown but there may be a hereditary link
ringworm (tineas)
highly contagious fungal infection of the skin or scalp. The characteristic symptom is the formation of a flat or raised circular area with a clear central area surrounded by an itchy, scaly, or crusty outer ring
verrucae (warts)
caused by a viral infection of the skin. A rough, hard elevated, rounded surface forms on the skin.
chickenpox
common childhood disease, caused by varicella-zoster virus. It produces a blister like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever. The rash appears first on the trunk and face but can spread over the entire body.
shingles
caused by the herpes zoster virus, inflammation that affects the nerves on one side of the body and results in skin blisters.
cold sores - fever blisters
caused by herpes 1 virus, sores around the mouth.
furnucle (boil)
localized, pus-producing infection originating in a hair follicle
carbuncle
pus-producing infection that starts in subcutaneous tissue and is usually accompanied by fever and an ill feeling.
abcess
localized infection usually accompanied by pus and inflammation
gangrene
death of tissue, due to loss of blood supply
pediculosis
infestation of lice, it can occur on the head or in the genital area
scabies
contagious skin eruption that often occurs between fingers, on areas of the trunk, or on the male genitalia. It is caused by mites.