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Terms in this set (60)
Which publication stated that it was impossible to reconcile with Great Britain?
Which body debated and drafted the Declaration of Independence?
How many states were needed to ratify the articles of confederation?
Unanimous consent (all)
Which philosopher greatly influenced the colonists views on the role of government?
What is a republic?
Government by representatives of people instead of directly by the people
What was the 2/3 compromise
Constitutional convention delegates agreed that slaves would be counted as a fraction of a person and determining population for representation
Differentiate New Jersey and Virginia plans
Virginia was based on population jersey all had one vote
Who is given primary credit for writing the constitution
Which issue did the colonist rebel against the unilateral imposition by the British government
What document did the current United States Constitution replace
Articles of confederation
Which aspect of the new government concerned James Madison the most while drafting the constitution
Tyranny of the majority
Who does the national government Drive it's power from
What does the root of habeas corpus protect individuals against
Which body is used to elect the president
How were senators selected prior to the 17th amendment
Define Unitary System
I'm going to regional governments derive authority from the national government
Which amendment is the reserved power clause
What is a block grant
Large grant to the state by the federal government with only general spending guidelines
Which Supreme Court case set the precedent of the necessary and proper clause
McCulloch v. Maryland
What are the two types of powers given to the national government United States Constitution
Enumerated and implied
What is devolution?
1980s to the 1990s trend led by the Republican Party which demand of the national government return administrative authority to state government
What does article VI of the U.S. Constitution establish
Prohibits federal and state courts in the federal administrative agencies from hearing cases a private party names as state as a defendant
What is a cooperative federalism
Powers shared by the federal and state government
What was able to be regularly do to Gibbons v. Ogden
What is dual federalism
System of separate but distinct state and national government
What is the full faith and credit clause
States must respect the laws or public acts of other states
Which Supreme Court case first defined the relationship between federal and state government
McCulloch v. Maryland
The supreme courts decisions establishing the governments implied powers in the broad definition of interstate commerce established the power of Congress to ________ to subside and services for business interest
Promote economic development
What are state powers?
Powers not specifically delegated to the national government by the Constitution
What is a mandate
An order from the federal government requiring the states to take certain action
Is the census so important
The information collected helps to determine how more than 400 billion of federal funding each year is spent
Why is random sampling important?
It's the. Key to the accuracy public opinion polls
MLK's Letter from Birmingham Jail is an example of this kind of political protest
How was political participation defined
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue
What is the effect of aging on political participation
Increase political participation
Why does reappointment current once a decade
To reallocate seats in the house based on each states population
What agency regulates the use of airwaves
Federal Communications Commission FCC
What is a trial balloon
Intended news leak in order to see how the people will react
What is investigative journalism
In-depth reporting to find scandals/scams
How did the Vietnam war and watergate impact relationship between politicians and press
This caused distrust between government and the citizens
How did party machines function in the late 19th and early 20th century's
They ruled large areas Chicago now Richard J Daley ruled one of the most powerful
What is a critical election
An electoral "earthquake" where new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often displaced by the minority party.
What was Nixon's Southern strategy
The start to the march to the Republican Party in the former Democratic stronghold
How are third political parties usually significant
They bring new voters into the electorate
What does downs rational choice theory state
Republican and Democratic candidates have to be more extreme and their positions to win the votes of their party's base
What is seen as the biggest headache for national party chairpersons
Which group is associated with Creating party Dealignment
When can a party change its platform?
during the national party convention
Why did the Framers create the Electoral College?
They wanted the president to be selected by elites
If no candidate wins the electoral college majority who decides the election
House of Representatives
what can soft money be used for?
Party building expenses at the grassroot level or for generic party advertising
What is the most common reason given for not voting by US citizens who are registered to vote?
It's hard to take off of work or school
What are the requirements of the federal election campaign act?
All candidates for federal office must disclose who contributed money to their campaign
What mechanism is being used to increase political donations to campaigns
What happens with caucuses
Supporters of candidates attend a series of open meetings to express presidential preferences
What is a floating voter
Someone who is not loyal to a specific political party
What makes it harder to vote by increasing the costs associated with voting
Voter ID requirements
What do candidates often do in battleground states
Tailoring their appeals to the particular interests of a state
Why would an excellent candidate be discouraged from running
The downfalls of the American system of elections and campaigns
Who is most likely to participate in a presidential caucus
A party activist
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