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Islam and Post-Classical Europe Vocab
Terms in this set (19)
The basic tenets of Islam: Allah is the only god and Muhammad is his prophet; pray to Allah five times a day facing Mecca; fast during the month of Ramadan; pay alms for the relief of the weak and the poor; take a hajj to Mecca
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Quran (or Koran)
the sacred text of Islam, the holy book; written in Arabic because all other languages are not for the words of god.
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
A tradition relating the words or deeds of the Prophet Muhammad; next to the Quran, the most important basis for Islamic law.
The term for all Muslims as a community.
an Arabic term that means the "house of Islam" and that refers to lands under Islamic rule
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca.
A shrine in Mecca, and one of the holiest places according to the Islamic faith
Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina in 622
A Muslim who seeks to achieve direct contact with God through mystical means
The theologians and legal experts of Islam. Best known as the arbiters of sharia law.
A judge in Islamic law
Military and political leader with absolute authority over a Muslim country
successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims
three divisions of the Muslim Empire
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Islamic law; a combination of the Quran and the Hadith.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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