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Terms in this set (38)
Freudian theory that unconscious forces determine behavior
in psychodynamic theory, the component of personality that is completely submerged in the unconscious and operates according to the pleasure principle
in psychodynamic theory, the internalization of societal and parental standards of conduct
in psychodynamic theory, the component of personality that tries to satisfy the wishes of the id while being responsive to the dictates of the superego
unconscious mental strategies that the mind uses to protect itself from anxiety
according to Freud, developmental stages that correspond to distinct libidinal urges; progression through these stages profoundly affects personality
locus of control
personal beliefs about how much control people have over outcomes in their lives
the theory that how personality is expressed can be explained by the interaction of environment, person factors, and behavior itself
approaches to studying personality that emphasize how people seek to fulfill their potential through greater self-understanding
an approach to studying personality that focuses on how individuals differ in personality dispositions
the idea that personality can be described using five factors: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism
behavioral approach system (BAS)
the brain system involved in the pursuit of incentives or rewards
behavioral inhibition system
the brain system that is sensitive to punishment and therefore inhibits behavior that might lead to danger or pain
the theory that behavior is determined more by situations than by personality traits
the theory that behavior is jointly determined by underlying dispositions and by situations
person-centered approaches to assessing personality; they focus on individual lives and how various characteristics are integrated into unique persons
approaches to assessing personality that focus on how common characteristics vary from person to person
personality tests that examine unconscious processes by having people interpret ambiguous stimuli
According to the cognitive-affective personality system, who is likely to do better on an exam, an optimist or a pessimist, and why?
Both will perform equally. Their different personality styles cause them to prepare for the exam differently but equally effectively.
JoAnn describes herself as a modest and rational person. She does not usually spend time daydreaming or seeking out new experiences. Instead, she enjoys completing familiar tasks and having a structured daily routine. If JoAnn is measured on the five factors of the five-factor theory, she will probably score very low in:
Which personality trait(s) is (are) seen across all cultures?
Neuorticism, extraversion, openness
Naoko is a college student from Japan. As part of a psychology research study, she has just taken a personality trait assessment. Compared to the average college student in the United States, how is Naoko likely to rate herself on the dimensions of agreeableness and neuroticism?
lower on agreeableness and higher on neuroticism
The fact that age-related changes in personality are similar across cultures:
indicates that such changes are not entirely a function of the environment.
Research on the Rorschach inkblot test indicates that it:
identifies many normal adults and children as psychologically disturbed.
The halo effect is a
As explained by Dr. Dunlop, the ______ method is most useful to better understand _______.
Narrative; how people think about themselves
According to Dr. Ozer, a focus on _____ is important to move beyond what has already been established about personality.
People's goals because they are a way to understand the variability within a person over time
According to Dr. Funder it is important understand what people are really like. Which method does he suggest using to accomplish this?
Self report, for other people describe someone, what people do in the lab
According to Dr. Dunlop, a turning point is _____
A vague term so people can fill in the gaps themselves
Personality consists of people's typical ________ that are relatively stable over time and circumstances.
Thoughts, emotional responses, behaviors
If a trait is a single concept, then personality is a
collection of concepts.
The current view of defense mechanisms suggests that they
If working through unconscious conflicts is central to Freud's psychodynamic theory, then ________ is central to Rogers's person-centered theory.
accepting oneself unconditionally
How would a therapist who endorses Carl Rogers's approach to therapy interact with clients?
discuss the client's problems and concerns as he or she understands them
Rotter argues that people differ in their locus of control, by which he means
the extent to which they believe their fate is determined by their own actions.
According to Bandura's Reciprocal Determinism Theory,
our personality is influenced by our environment, person factors, and our behavior.
Martha knows she can get into medical school. She says, "I will figure out how other people got in, select successful strategies, and implement my plan."
Martha is showing high levels of internal locus of control.
Two friends disagree about the basis of personality. John believes that personality is determined by unconscious conflicts. Sue asserts that personality is based in biological systems. Given this, you know that John would agree with ________ and Sue would agree with ________.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Psych 111 Module 5
Psychology- Chapter 2 Quiz
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