Brendon believes that he is worthless, that other people do not like him, and that he will never have satisfying interpersonal relationships. To counteract this belief, Brendon's therapist says to him, "Brendon, I like and appreciate you. I enjoy interacting with you. What do you think of that?" Brendon says, "Well, if you like me, I guess it makes me think I am not such a bad person after all." In discussing these issues with his therapist, Brendon starts to think differently about himself. The therapist is using ________ with Brendon.