Terms in this set (13)
serrano v. priest
some communities raised a lot for their public schools. Others didn't. CA constitution has a clause that states the right to education. State said they would raise the standard for poorer schools, but after this happened, Prop 13 hit and property taxes were slammed. Ended up equalizing down. Everyone has a lower standard to meet.
buckley v. valeo
A case in which the Supreme Court of the United States upheld federal limits on campaign contributions and ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech. The court also stated candidates can give unlimited amounts of money to their own campaigns.
Immigration Act of 1965
Abolished quota system for immigration. Can't discriminate against non-Europeans.
Reynolds v Sims
Ruled that unlike in the election of thhe United States Senate, in the election of any chamber of a state legislature the electoral districts must be roughly equal in population
1970s initiative that lowered property taxed requires a 2/3rds majority for new taxes. Removed steady source of tax revenue.
(2008) Created independent citizen's commission for drawing district lines. Likely had little effect.
(1990) Created strict term limits. 3 2-year terms for assembly members. 2 4-year terms for senators.
(2012) Loosened term limits. Now a 12-year limit across both houses. Reduced total from 14 to 12, but increased individual from 8 to 12 and 6 to 12.
(2010) top-two primary
a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court holding that the First Amendment prohibits government from censoring political broadcasts in candidate elections when those broadcasts are funded by corporations or unions
(2000) Modest limits on campaign contribution. Limits amount of money an individual can contribute to candidates for offices. Also voluntary spending limits.
(1988) Requires a minimum percentage of state budget to be spent on k-12 education. Guarantees an annual increase in education in the California budget
(2010) ends the previous requirement that two-thirds of the members of the California State Legislature had to vote in favor of the state's budget in order for the budget to be enacted.