Disorders of the Integument

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Terms in this set (...)

Integumentary system
Natural outer covering of the body; system includes skin, hair, and nails.
Epidermis
Upper layer of skin; consists of five strata.
Hypodermis
Lowest layer of skin also known as the subcutaneous layer comprised of fibrous connective tissues and adipose tissues.
Dermis
The skin proper containing blood vessels, lymph vessels, nerves, involuntary muscle, sweat and oil glands, and hair follicles.
Sebaceous glands
Glands that empty their oily sebum secretion into hair follicles.
Sudoriferous glands
Glands that secrete sweat and assist in body temperature regulation.
Melanin
Brown skin pigment produced at the base of the epidermis.
Alopecia
Also known as spot baldness, this is a condition in which hair is lost from some or all areas of the body.
Albinoism
Absence of color in the skin, also associated with poor eyesight.
Jaundice
Yellow discoloration of the skin; can indicate bile in the blood which can suggest liver or pancreas disorder.
Pustules
Pus-filled sacs as in acne or pimples.
Ulcer
Deep loss of skin surface that may extend into the dermis
Cyst
A closed sac usually filled with a semi-solid material.
Acne vulgaris
inflammation of sebaceous glands and hair follicles.
Athlete's foot
Contagious fungal infection that usually affects the feet.
Basal cell carcinoma
Cancer in the epidermis; grows slowly; usually does not spread.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Cancer in the epithelium that can spread quickly to other areas of the body
Melanoma
Cancer that develops in the melanocytes
Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin; is often an allergic reaction to detergents, cosmetics, pollen, or certain foods
Eczema
Noncontagious, inflammatory dermatitis caused by an allergen or irritant.
Impetigo
Highly contagious skin infection usually caused by streptococci or staphylococci organisms; mainly affects infants and children.
Psoriasis
Chronic, noncontagious skin condition with periods of exacerbation and remission which causes hyper sloughing of the skin cells.
Ringworm
Tineas species; highly contagious fungal infection of the skin or scalp.
Verrucae
Warts; caused by human papilloma virus (HPV)
Vitiligo
White patches on the skin caused by the destruction of melanocytes associated with autoimmune disorders.