the largest desert on Earth; south of the "mountainous fringe" on the north coast of Africa
Great Rift Valley
in eastern Africa; "mountains loom over deep canyons;" much of this grassland is populated by wild animals
a river in southern Africa that runs through the Congo Basin
broad grassland "dotted with small trees and shrubs"
civilization in Africa that conquered Egypt; later driven out of the area by the Assyrians because their civilization was still using bronze weaponry; center was the city of Meroe
lead to the decline of Kush; located in present day Ethiopia; founded by Arabs; exported ivory, frankincense, myrrh, and slaves, and imported textiles, metal goods, wine, and olive oil; converted to Christianity then Islam
the first great trading state in West Africa; located in the upper NIger River valley; prospered from their possession of iron and gold; highly desired item was salt
nomadic peoples whose camel caravans became known as "the fleet of the desert;" carried much trade across the desert
established by Sundiata Keita; rose in the place of Ghana after its collapse; most of its wealth was built and gold and salt; most of its people were farmers
Famous trading city and center for learning in West Africa
one of the richest and most powerful kings; doubled the size of Mali; created a strong central government and divided the kingdom into provinces ruled by governors whom he appointed; made a pilgrimage to Makkah
family of languages spoken in central and southern Africa; a member of any group of the African people who speak that language
growing just enough crops for personal use, not for sale
national language of the peoples of the eastern coast of Africa (word means "coast" in Arabic) Derivitive of Arabic and Bantu.
a group of independent villages organized by clans and led by a local ruler or clan head
societies in which descent is traced through the mother
societies in which descent is traced through the father
A key in African religion was that they believed their________ were closer to the Gods, and often communicated to them for help.
a highly desired trade item of West Africa, essential for life in hot climates.
a member of a class of traveling poets, musicians, and storytellers who maintain a tradition of oral history in parts of West Africa.
Leader credited with seizing Ghana and starting the kingdom of Mali; known as the "Lion King" of which the animated film is based off of.
Important monotheistic religion which brought its scholars and written language to Western Africa.
a country of southern Africa. Various Bantu peoples migrated into the area during the first millennium, displacing the earlier San inhabitants. Known as a powerful trading kingdom, as well as for its great walled city untill its abandonement in the early 1500s
Means no worries "no problems"
African belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.