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17 terms

ICP Chapter 4 Introduction

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Nucleus
Contains all of the mass of the atom, is positively charged because of protons. (responsible for MASS of atom)
Electron Cloud
The part of an atom that takes up space, is negatively charged because of electrons. (responsible for VOLUME of atom)
Electron (charge)
-1
Proton (charge)
+1
Neutron (charge)
0
Electron (mass)
0
Proton (mass)
1amu
Neutron (mass)
1amu
Electron (location)
Electron cloud
Proton (location)
Nucleus
Neutron (location)
Nucleus
Atomic Number
The number of protons in an atom. This determines what element the atom is.
Mass Number (calculation)
= protons + neutrons
Mass Number (definition)
The mass of a specific atom. This is NOT found on the periodic table.
Electron (binding force)
Electrostatic force
Proton (binding force)
Nuclear forces
Neutron (binding force)
Nuclear forces