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Unit 4 vocab
Terms in this set (31)
A formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
The powers of the national government in foreign affairs that the Supreme Court has declared do not depend on constitutional grants but rather grow out of the very existence of the national government.
presidential powers that exceed the delegated powers that are outlined in Article II of the United States Constitution
state of the union
An annual speech in which the president addresses Congress to report on the condition of the country and recommend policies.
A theory that argues for a strong, assertive presidential role, with presidential authority limited only at points specifically prohibited by law.
the time following an election when a president's popularity is high and congressional relations are likely to be productive
lame duck period
The time during which a president who has lost an election or has ended a second term is still in office before the new president serves
Constitutional amendment moving presidential inauguration from March to January
Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.
Presidential Succession act
law specifying the order of presidential succession following the Vice President
A 1967 amendment to the Constitution that establishes procedures for filling presidential and vice presidential vacancies and makes provisions for presidential disability.
An amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1804, that specifies the separate election of the president and vice president by the electoral college.
amendment that gives the right of voting to citizens in Washington D.C. and that they get votes in the electoral college
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide or enthuse the American public
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
commander and chief
term for the president as commander of the nation's armed forces
an executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
war powers act
Act that grants emergency executive powers to president to run war effort
Official representatives to foreign governments
A formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval.
a rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law.
The power to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security.
a presidential document that reveals what the president thinks of a new law and how it ought to be enforced
executive office of the president
The cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his responsibilities. Currently the office includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, and several other units.
A group of advisers to the president.
chief of staff
The head of the White House staff.
national security council
An office created in 1947 to coordinate the president's foreign and military policy advisers. Its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president's national security assistant.
a presidential appointment made without senate confirmation while the senate is in recess
white house staff
Personnel who run the White House and advise the President. Includes the Chief of Staff and Press Secretary
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