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Psychology first semester review
Terms in this set (26)
naturalistic observation method
a method of research based on careful observation of behavior in natural settings
A measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, and thus of how well either factor predicts the other.
The biggest problem with this method for studying behavior is that it might not represent what is generally true.
Environmental influences on personality traits are most clearly highlighted by comparing ______________ raised together with identical twins raised apart
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50 percent of the time
A neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage.
the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
theorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
(level 1) Physiological Needs, (level 2) Safety and Security, (level 3) Relationships, Love and Affection, (level 4) Self Esteem, (level 5) Self Actualization
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
John Watson would NOT study the meaning of ____.
the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection
Nature vs. Nurture
name for a controversy in which it is debated whether genetics or environment is responsible for driving behavior
An approach to the study of psychology that focuses on the role of learning in explaining observable behavior.
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent stimulus energies from our environment (detection)
a specific time in development when certain skills or abilities are most easily learned
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us to recognize meaningful objects and events (interpretation)
the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growth, reproduction, and nutrient use (metabolism) by body cells.
A limbic system structure involved in memory and emotion, particularly fear and aggression.
something essential for survival
the natural physical drive to eat, prompted by the body's need for food
A sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often at inopportune times.
need to belong
a motivation to bond with others in relationships that provide ongoing, positive interactions
the need to be the best one can be; at the top of Maslow's hierarchy
People are especially good at quickly detecting facial expressions of this emotion.
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