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What characterized Chandragupta Maurya's rule?
he seized all the land from the magadha to the indus and that his empire stretched more than 2,000 miles.
How did Chandragupta Maurya know what was going on in the various parts of his empire?
he split them up into 4 provinces and used secret police to root out people that were disagreeing with him; created a highly bureaucratic government
5. Elaborate on elements of empire in Chandragupta's Empire.
Created 4 provinces each ruled by a prince; he had a system of roads (the silk road) and used rivers for transport; he had common coinage a common language: hindi and a common religion: HInduism
7. How did life in India change after Asoka converted to Buddhism?
he gave people more free will and had religous toleration and he improved trade and communication by digging wells and building rest houses on roads of travel
8. What happened to the empire after Asoka died?
the empire fragmented: corrupt government, societal unrest, natural disaster, and the government collapsed
13. Having begun in the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the empires then spread south into what region?
the Deccan Plateua
17. What is the importance of trade?
expanded and ideas moved from, to, and through India and Improved knowledge of astronomy (especially stellar navigation - helped trade)
20. What beliefs did these religions have in common?
they both believed there was one divine force in the universe; nirvana
22. Name the three primary aspects of the deity? What function did each play?
Brahma- the creator, vishnu- the preserver and Shiva- the destroyer
23. What are some of the literary achievements during the Gupta Dynasty?
writing by Kalidasa and Tamil poets; development of Indian drama and dance
24. What was unusual about drama during Gupta Dynasty?
wandering groups of performers took theater all over india
26. What medical advances occurred in the Gupta Dynasty?
compiled medicine guides, surgery and plastic surgery, possibly even gave injections (invented the small pox vaccine)
27. What were some of the products that India traded?
spices, diamonds, sapphires, gold,pearls, and beautiful woods-including ebony, teak, and sandalwood as well as cotton
What were some mathematical and astronomical advances in India?
adapted western methods of keeping time; bagan to use a calendar based on the cycles of the sun; adopted a seven-day week and divided each day into hours; proved the arth was round; invented zero and the decimal system and calculated the value of pi to four decimal places
28. Combining land and sea, the Gupta were able to trade as far as __________?
Africa and Sumeria as well as Rome and eastern China
30. How did India maximize opportunities of Silk Road?
the made a great profit by acting as middle men
How did loans by Indian bankers reflect changing risks along these pathways?
as the economy changed they could change the interest rates depending on how risky the wanted to be.
What philosophy did shihuangdi use to come to power?
centralized government and established a strong government by conquering the rival kings who ruled small states throughout CHina
41. How did Liu Bang structure the government?
he established a centralized government and the country was divided into provinces which were ruled by governors; lowered taxes and softened harsh punishments
42. How were the "elements of empire" reflected in China?
China was broken up into provinces and ruled by governors; the silk road was the main trade route from east to west; common- religion was Confucianism, coinage
44. How did the value system of the Han differ from the values under the Qin?
the Han was more peaceful and Qin was more violent
45. What were some of the things that Lu Bang did to change from the Qin Dynasty?
he softened the harsh punishments and lowered taxes; also had commanderies
46. Into what areas did Wudi expand China?
colonized the northeast and made his northwest borders safe; conquered mountain tribes in the south
48. Who could technically sit for the civil service exams? In reality who sat for civil service exams?
Technically open to anyone but in reality only wealthy could afford necessary years of study
How did the development of the civil service system reflect Confucian values?
the tested applicants on their knowledge of Confuciansim
50. What were some of the achievements of the Han?
paper was invented, bureaucracy expanded, collar harness, more efficient plow with two blades, improved iron tools, invented the wheel barrow, developed water mills to grind grain, water pump to raise water to the fields
53. Where did farmers stand in Confucian society? Why?
they were above the artisans and merchants because their production of food was vita to the existence of the empire
56. What problems were faced by the later Han dynasty?
land was divided into smaller and smaller plots, minted new money, political intrigues, and social unrest; also a flood
57. What led to corrupt government in the Han?
the government got less and less money because more of the land was owned by the rich; political intrigues
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