39 terms

Naturalization Study Guide #11-15

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capitalist
The United States (mostly) has a __________ economy.
market
A capitalist economy is also known as a __________ economy.
privately owned
In the American economy, most businesses
are __________.
be competitive
In a capitalist economy, businesses must __________ to stay in business.
customers
In a capitalist economy, businesses must make what __________ want to stay in business.
profit
In a capitalist economy,businesses must be efficient to make a __________.
profits
Businesses make __________ by selling a good or service for more than it costs them to provide it.
market
In a __________ economy, competition, supply, and demand influence the decisions of businesses and consumers.
Rule of law
__________ - the idea that everyone, including the leaders, must follow the law.
No one
In countries that have rule of law, who is above the law?
James Madison
Name the fourth POTUS (President of the United States).
constitutional democracy
The United States is a __________ (a democracy with a constitution).
Constitution
The __________ is the supreme law in the land.
their elected representatives
The laws of the US are made by the people through __________.
rule of law
The __________ helps to make sure that government protects all people equally and does not violate the rights of certain people.
legislative
Article 1 of the US Constitution sets up the __________ branch of government.
executive
Article 2 of the US Constitution sets up the __________ branch of government.
judicial
Article 3 of the US Constitution sets up the __________ branch of government.
Congress
The legislative branch is the __________.
executive
The __________ branch is headed by the POTUS (President of the United States).
court
The judicial branch is the Federal __________ system.
make
The legislative branch's main function is to __________ the law.
enforce
The executive branch's main function is to __________ the law.
interpret
The judicial branch's main function is to __________ the law.
Congress
__________ is divided into two chambers or "houses".
House of Representatives and the Senate
The two houses of Congress are the
Supreme Court
The judicial branch's highest court is the
three branches
The Constitution separates the government's power into __________ to prevent one person or group from having too much power.
checks and balances
The separation of government into three branches creates a system of __________.
separation of powers
The __________ limits the power of the government and prevents the government from violating the rights of the people.
veto
The POTUS (President of the United States) can _________ bills passed by Congress, thus "checking" them.
2/3
The Congress can check the POTUS (President of he United States) by overriding a veto with a __________ majority vote.
Supreme Court
The __________ can rule that laws passed by Congress and signed by the President are unconstitutional.
the President
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
executive
The job of the __________ branch is to carry out,
or execute, federal laws and enforce laws passed
by Congress.
President
The __________ is both the head of state and the head of government.
President's
The __________ powers include the ability to sign treaties with other countries and to select ambassadors to represent the United States around the world.
President
When there is a vacancy on the Supreme
Court, the __________ nominates a new member.
Senate
The __________ has the power to reject the president's
choices for the Supreme Court (an example of checks and balances).