39 terms

Naturalization Study Guide #11-15


Terms in this set (...)

The United States (mostly) has a __________ economy.
A capitalist economy is also known as a __________ economy.
privately owned
In the American economy, most businesses
are __________.
be competitive
In a capitalist economy, businesses must __________ to stay in business.
In a capitalist economy, businesses must make what __________ want to stay in business.
In a capitalist economy,businesses must be efficient to make a __________.
Businesses make __________ by selling a good or service for more than it costs them to provide it.
In a __________ economy, competition, supply, and demand influence the decisions of businesses and consumers.
Rule of law
__________ - the idea that everyone, including the leaders, must follow the law.
No one
In countries that have rule of law, who is above the law?
James Madison
Name the fourth POTUS (President of the United States).
constitutional democracy
The United States is a __________ (a democracy with a constitution).
The __________ is the supreme law in the land.
their elected representatives
The laws of the US are made by the people through __________.
rule of law
The __________ helps to make sure that government protects all people equally and does not violate the rights of certain people.
Article 1 of the US Constitution sets up the __________ branch of government.
Article 2 of the US Constitution sets up the __________ branch of government.
Article 3 of the US Constitution sets up the __________ branch of government.
The legislative branch is the __________.
The __________ branch is headed by the POTUS (President of the United States).
The judicial branch is the Federal __________ system.
The legislative branch's main function is to __________ the law.
The executive branch's main function is to __________ the law.
The judicial branch's main function is to __________ the law.
__________ is divided into two chambers or "houses".
House of Representatives and the Senate
The two houses of Congress are the
Supreme Court
The judicial branch's highest court is the
three branches
The Constitution separates the government's power into __________ to prevent one person or group from having too much power.
checks and balances
The separation of government into three branches creates a system of __________.
separation of powers
The __________ limits the power of the government and prevents the government from violating the rights of the people.
The POTUS (President of the United States) can _________ bills passed by Congress, thus "checking" them.
The Congress can check the POTUS (President of he United States) by overriding a veto with a __________ majority vote.
Supreme Court
The __________ can rule that laws passed by Congress and signed by the President are unconstitutional.
the President
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
The job of the __________ branch is to carry out,
or execute, federal laws and enforce laws passed
by Congress.
The __________ is both the head of state and the head of government.
The __________ powers include the ability to sign treaties with other countries and to select ambassadors to represent the United States around the world.
When there is a vacancy on the Supreme
Court, the __________ nominates a new member.
The __________ has the power to reject the president's
choices for the Supreme Court (an example of checks and balances).