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Chpt. 27-33 1302 Fall Final Exam Test Review
Terms in this set (57)
What was the greatest accomplishment of the Freedmen's Bureau?
Teaching 200,000 blacks how to read.
What were the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments?
Abolition of slavery
Right to vote
What did the Black Codes do in the South?
Separated the races from everything.
Why were women disappointed in the 14th Amendment?
First time the word "man" had been used on the Constitution.
What did the Compromise of 1877 result in?
The set up of an electoral commission consisting of 15 men selected from Senate, House, and Supreme Court.
What could the KKK be best described as?
Extremely racist white organization.
What were the Jim Crow Laws and what would happen if they violated them?
State level legal codes of segregation.
Harsh punishment, prison, and lynching.
What was unique about Grover Cleveland?
First democratic president, and only president to be elected twice non-consecutively.
What major thing spurred the Industrial Revolution?
Coast-to-coast railroad system.
What was the Interstate Commerce Commission?
Five members appointed to regulate railroads, ensure fair rates, eliminate rare discrimination, and regulate other aspects alike.
What was the Interstate Commerce Act?
Regulates railroads, ensure fair rates, eliminate rare discrimination, and regulate other aspects alike.
What two inventions helped employ women in the late 1800s?
Typewriter and telephone switch-box
Who were the four industrial entrepreneurs and their field of enterprise?
Cornelius Vanderbilt- Railroad
Andrew Carnegie- Steel
John D. Rockefeller- Oil
J. P. Morgan- Banks
Which president was anti-imperialistic?
Why did the US not annex Hawaii after the US citizens removed the queen?
Cleveland would not annex Hawaii?
What did the Cuba rebels do in Cuba to try and get the US to help them?
Burned all their sugar cane fields to hurt Spanish economy.
Who was the Filipino insurrectionist that switched sides often?
Why was the U.S.S. Maine in Cuba? Who sank it?
To protect and evacuate Americans if a dangerous flare-up should occur.
The boiler room was located next to the artillery room, making the heat set off the ammunition and causing a massive explosion. The US blamed Spain for the accident.
What territories did the US gain in the Treaty of Paris?
Guam, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines.
What was the Open Door Policy?
Note that encouraged the European nations to keep fair competition open to all nations willing and wanting to participate.
What was the point of the Boxer Rebellion?
To keep foreign influence out.
What was the Roosevelt Corollary and what did it do?
Stated that in future cases of debt problems the US would take over and handle any inventions in Latin America on behalf of Europe.
This kept Europe away and the Monroe Doctrine intact.
What issues did the muckrakers bring up?
They exposed corruption and social injustices.
What organization encouraged the elimination of alcohol?
Women's Christian Temperance Union.
What was the cure the Progressives wanted for democracy?
Progressivism was tied to what other reform movement?
What political reforms did progressives get passed?
Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
Meat Inspection Act (1906)
Federal Reserve Act (1913)
Federal Trade Commission Act (1914)
Clayton Anti-Trust Act (1914)
Workingmen's Compensation (1914)
Adamson Act (1916)
Jones Act (1916)
What are the 16th-19th Amendments?
16th- People with jobs pay taxes
17th- Citizens vote for all senators
18th- Prohibited the making, selling, and buying of alcohol.
19th- Women receive the right to vote.
Why was the Meat Inspection Act passed?
To protect consumers from ingesting bad products, including ones that would harm or kill the consumer. Made to where meat shipped over state-lines would be subject to federal inspection.
What was Roosevelt's reform policy called?
What was Roosevelt's most important achievement during his presidency?
Conservation of nature
What was Taft's foreign policy called?
Know the Central and Allied powers in WWI.
Central: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire (Turkey).
Allied: Britain, France, Russia, US.
How did Americans feel about the outbreak of WWI?
Wanted to stay neutral.
Why did the Germans begin unrestricted submarine warfare?
Kept Britain from blockading them and from attacking them from the sea.
What did the US and Germany promise in the Sussex Pledge and did they keep it?
Germany promised to stop unrestricted submarine warfare, US broke diplomatic relations with Germany, but would not move closer to the war.
Promise not kept (Feb. 1917).
Know about the Zimmerman Note.
Note intercepted by Britain; From Germany to Mexico, urging them to join the war by attacking the US. Germany promised land like Texas and New Mexico if they helped them win. Britain refrains from telling the US so they would not be attacked immediately.
How did Wilson convince the American people to enter WWI?
Selectively Service Act and Espionage Act of 1917.
Why was the draft (conscription) enacted in America?
The US needed a large number of men quickly.
Who was aided by Russia pulling out of the War? What did that country need to do before the Americans got there?
They needed to move all of their men from the Eastern Front to the Western Front.
Who was the American military commander of the US troops in Europe?
General John Pershing
What were the things that Americans were against after WWI?
Diplomatic commitments to foreign countries, "radical" foreign ideas, "un-American" lifestyles, and immigration.
Who was the radical that went on the witch hunt for communists?
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer
What were the things the KKK were for and against?
For: pro-white Anglo-Saxon protestants.
Against: anything relating to foreign, catholic, black, jewish, pacifist, communism, international, revolutionary, bootleggers, gambling, adultry, birth control.
What was John Dewey's philosophy on education?
"Learn by doing".
What was the Scope's Monkey Trial and what were the names of the lawyers?
Creation theory only taught, until 1920. John Scopes charged with teaching evolution theory.
William Jennings Bryan (creation) and Clarence Darrow (evolution).
How did people in the 20s buy things and what did that cause?
Used investments and installment loans (called margin), started the beginning of US debt.
What did Henry Ford do for the car industry?
Began mass production with use of assembly lines.
Who were the writers of the 20s and what were their writings?
F. Scott Fitzgerald- Great Gatsby (voice of Lost Gen.)
Ernest Hemingway- The Sun Also Rises & A Farewell to Arms
Sinclair Lewis- Main Street & Babbit
Langston Hughes- Harlem
Zora Neale Hurston- Their Eyes Watching God
Others: Alain Locke & Countee Cullen
How did people buy stock?
Bought on margin.
What was the problem facing farmers in the 1920s?
War-time production led to surplus, which lowered prices. Dropping of profits and the high cost of new farming tech made it difficult to produce.
What was the Dawes Plan?
Negotiated agreement with France, Great Britain, and Germany. Stated that American banks would make loans to Germany so they could meet their reparation payments.
Who were Harding's corrupt Cabinet members?
Albert B. Fall- Secretary of Interior & Harry M. Daugherty- Attorney General
What was the Teapot Dome Scandal?
Leased government land in Teapot Dome, WY. to oilmen after he received bribes. Resulted in Fall being the first Cabinet member to go to prison.
What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact?
Outlawed war, but did not work due to no banding force.
Coolidge refused to sign a bill to help who?
Why did the Allies argue that they should not have to repay their loans to the US? What was a result of that instance of it being repaid in full?
Not as many causalities, not fought on US soil, and US was economic power at the time.
Resulted in the US insisting on debts being repaid. They were paid, but this left Europe in deeper debt, making recovery impossible. Led to corruption and created the window for WWII.
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