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What bones major markings include the supraorbital margins, the anterior cranial fossa, and the frontal sinuses (internal and lateral to the glabella)?
What bones major markings include the posterior cranial fossa, foramen magnum, occipital condyles, and the hypoglossal canal?
What bones major markings include the zygomatic, styloid, and mastoid processes, and the mandibular and middle cranial fossae?
Which bones major openings include the stylomastoid and jugular foramina, the external and internal auditory meatuses, and the carotid canal?
What consists of a central body, greater wings, lesser wings, and pterygoid processes?
What bones major markings include the sella turcica, hypophyseal fossa, and the pterygoid processes?
What bones major openings include the foramina rotundum, ovale, and spinosum; the optic canals; and the superior orbital fissure?
What bones major markings include the cribriform plate, crista galli, perpendicular plate, nasal conchae, and the ethmoid sinuses?
What has the paired bones that are called the maxillae, the zygomatics, the nasals, lacrimals, palatines, and inferior conchae?
What bones major markings include the coronoid process, mandibular condyle, the alveolar margin, and the mandibular and mental foramina?
What are medially fused bones that make up the upper jaw and the central portion of the facial skeleton?
What are facial keystone bones that articulate with al other facial bones except the mandible?
What bones major markings include palatine, frontal, and zygomatic processes, the alveolar margins, inferior orbital fisure, and the maxillary sinuses?
What are irregularly shaped bones that form the prominences of the cheeks and the inferolateral margins of the orbits?
WHat contribute to the medial walls of the orbit and contain a deep groove called the lacrimal fossa that houses the lacrimal sac?
What are two bone plates that form portions of the hard palate, the posterolateral walls of the nasal cavity, and a small part of the orbits?
Inferior nasal conchae
What are paried, curved bones in the nasal cavity that form part of the lateral walls of the nasal cavity?
What are formed by parts of seven bones-frontal, sphenoid, zygomatic, maxilla, palatine, lacrimal, and ethmoid?
What of the nasal cavity is formed by the superior and middle conchae of the ethmoid, the perpendicular plate of the palatine, and the inferior nasal conchae?
What is mucosa-lined, air-filled sacs found in five skull bones-the frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, and paired maxillary bones?
What air enters the paransal sinuses from the nasal cavity and mucus drains into the nsala cavity from the sinuses?
What is not actually part of the skull, but lies just inferior to the mandible in the anterior neck?
What is the attachment point for neck muscles that rais and lower the larynx during swallowing and speech?
What is formed from 26 irregular bones that are connected in such a way that a flexible curved structure results?
cervical and lumbar
What part of the vertebral column does the posteriorly concave curvactures affect?
thoracic and sacral
What part of the vertebral column does the posteriorly convex curvatures affect?
Vertebral column anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments
What are continuous bands down the front and back of the spine from the neck to the sacrum?
WHat are inner gelatinous nucleus that gives the disc its elasticity and compressibility?
elasticity and compressibility
What two things does the nucleus pulposus give the intervertebral discs?
What surrounds the nucleus pulposus with a collar composed of collagen and firbrocartilage?
What is composed of pedicles and laminae that, along with the centrum, enclose the vertebral foramen?
What kind of vertebrae are distinguished with an oval body, short spinous processes, and large, triangular vertebral foramina?
What projects superiorly from the body and is cradled in the anterior arch of the atlas?
What kind of vertebraes major markings include two facets and two demifacets on the heart-shaped body, the circular vertebral foramen, transverse processes, and a long spinous process?
What kind of vertebrae is located in the small of the back and have an enchanced weight-bearing function?
What does the orientation of articular facets that lock the lumbar vertebrae together provide?
what part of the vertebraes major markings include the sacral promontory, transverse lines, alae, dorsal sacral foramina, sacral Canal, and sacral hiatus?
what is made up of four (in some cases 3-5) fused vertebrae that articualte superiorly with the sacrum?
so your chest can expand whenyou breath
Why does the costal cartialge of the ribs have to be flexible?
What is composed of the thoracic vertebrae dorsally, the ribs laterally, and the sternum and costal crtilages anteriorly?
What results from the fusion of thre bones-the superior manubrium, the body, and the inferior xiphoid process?
What bones anatomical landmarks include the jugular (suprasternal) notch, the sternal angle, and the xiphisternal joint?
What attach the upper limbs to the axial skeleton in a mnner that allows for maximum movement?
What are the acromial (lateral) end articulates with the scapula, and the sternal (medial) end articulates with the sternum?
What provide attachment points for numberous muscles, and act as braces to hold the scapulae and arms out laterally away from the body?
What are triangular, flat bones lying on the dorsal surface of the rib cage, between the second and seventh ribs?
What bones major markings include the suprascapular notch, the supraspinous and infraspinous fossae, the spine, the acromion, and the coracoid process?
What part of the arms major markings include the head, anatomical and surgical necks, greater and lesser tubercles, and the intertubercular groove?
What part of the arms major markings include the capitulum, trochlea, medial and lateral epicondyles, and the coronoid and oleranon fossae?
What part of the arms major markings include the radial groove and the deltoid process?
What also articulates with each other proximally and distally at small radioulnar joints?
What bone of the forearms major markings include the olecranon, coronoid process, trochlear notch, radial notch, and the styloid process?
What lies opposite (lateral to) the ulna and is thin at its proximal end, widened distally?
What bone of the forearms major markings include the radial tuberosity, ulnar notch, and styloid process?
schaphoid, lunate, triquetral, and pisiform
What are the four bones of the wrist that lie proximally?
What has their bases articulate with the carpals proximally, and with each other medially and laterally?
distal, middle, and proximal
Each finger (except the thumb) has three phalanges, what are they called?
bladder, prostate, kidneys, and female reproductive organs
What are 4 examples of visceral organs in the pelvic girdle?
What does the broad posterolatearl surface of the ilium called the glutearl surface make?
What part of the hip has its major markings inlcude the iliac crests, four spines, greater sciatic notch, iliac fossa, arcuate line, and the pelvic brim?
What has the thick body articlates with the ilium, and the thinner ramus articualtes with the pubis?
What part of the hip has its major markings include superior and inferior rami, the pubic crest, pubic tubercle, pubic arch, pubic symphysis, and obturator forament (along with ilium and ischium)?
male/female pelvic structure: cavity of the true pelvis is broad, shallow, and has greater capacity?
the lower limb
What carry the weight of the erect body, and arsubjecte to exceptional forces when one jumps or runs?
What part of the lower limb has major markings that include the head, fovea capitis, greater and lesser trochanters, gluteal tuerosity, lateral and medial condyles and epicondyles, linea aspera, patellar surface?
What part of the leg has the major markings that include medial and lateral condyles, intercondylar eminence, the tibial tuberosity, anterior crest, medial malleolus, and fibular notch?
What part of the leg has the major markings that include the head and the alteral malleoulus?
What supports body weight and acts as a lever to propel the body forwrad in walking and running?
cuboid, navicular, medial, intermediate, and lateral cuneiforms
What are the six other bones of the tarsus?
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