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citizens can petition to propose or change a law, and if the petition is successful, the law can be voted on at the polls
Campaign Finance Reform
efforts to limit the amount of money that an individual or group can donate to political campaigns
when people vote for a lesser-known candidate because of a popular candidate (ie. the President)
when a voter who normally supports a particular party votes in the primary of the other party
a form of democracy where an assembly of all citizens meets to discuss and vote on matters related to government
one of the two main American political parties. it tends to be more liberal and puts more trust in the government to solve problems in society
527 Campaign Committees
a committee that supports a particular candidate or interest. it raises soft money from individuals and corporations to fund issue ads, but it can't coordinate its activities with a particular candidate.
said that broadcasters had the responsibility to present all issues fairly and to show both sides of controversial issues
A politician who is supported because of where (s)he is from instead of for his/her views
when states move their primaries or caucuses earlier so that they will be more influential
a test to determine whether someone can read or write, often used to determine whether someone is eligible to vote
someone who works to influence politicians so that they will support a particular group on a particular issue
the intentional or unintentional tendency of the media to report a story in a way that is not objective
Motor Voter Act of 1993
required state governments to allow people to register to vote when they applied for their driver's liscence
National Nominating Conventions
used to choose a party's presidential nominee, but now it is just a gathering of people from a party to hear speeches and write the party platform
when a poll uses a sampling that is not "random" and therefore data from this sampling can't be used to infer anything about the whole population
a primary where any voter can vote in either party's primary -- you don't need to be registered with that party
when voters abandon their previous political party and become independents or realign with a different political party
which political party voters identify with -- often predisposes voters to vote for their party
states the party's beliefs and vision for America. it is drafted at the national convention and it guides the party for the next four years
(aka winner-takes-all system) -- a party wins if they receive the plurality of votes, they don't necessarily need a majority
Political Action Committee (PAC)
an organization formed to collect money and donate it to candidate or political parties
a group that seeks to elect candidate to public office by supplying them with a label (party ID) by which they are known to the electorate
press is guaranteed freedom from censorship: no rules telling it in advance what it can or can't publish
Public Interest Group
a group of individuals with common goals who attempt to influence policymakers and legislation
the name comes from traditionally democratic voters who voted for republican Ronald Reagan. now it is used to describe democrats who often vote republican because of conservative social views.
periodic changes in the congressional districts because of changes in census figures
a third party that was created by Ross Perot that focuses on reforms in taxes, budget, and campaign finance
one of the two main American political parties. it tends to be more conservative and wants less government intervention
a second primary designed to give the winner a majority of votes, instead of the plurality
contributions that avoid government regulation, often used for issue ads, voter registration, and voter turnout activities
when there are multiple offices chooses by one election, a voter might vote for a candidate from one party for one office and a candidate from another party for another office
a party or government official that is selected as a delegate to a national convention on the basis of their position
the Tuesday in March of a presidential election year when the greatest number of states hold primary elections
a political party that is not one of the two main political parties and often focuses on a particular interest. often unsuccessful because of the winner-take-all system
a party system where two major political parties dominate voting in nearly all elections
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