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28 terms

Reciprocating Engine Operation, Instruments, Maintenance, and Overhaul

What indications are given in the event of a leaking or open primer while the engine is running?
The engine will not idle properly.
A cold cylindr is found when troubleshooting a running engine. What does this indicate?
No combustion in that cylinder.
When pulling a propeller through, a hssing sound is heard, indicating valve blow-by. What procedure should be performed next?
A compression check should be performed to identify the faulty cylinder.
What is the purpose of performing a compression test?
To determine if the valves, pistons and rings are sealing properly.
when an engine is overhauled, how is its total time affected? When an engine is rebuilt, how is its operating history affected?
The total time on the engine must be continued and the time since major overhaul is entered into the engine log. If the manufacturer rebuilds the engine, it is granted a zero-time status and is considered to have no previous operating history.
What inspections should be performed after a propeller strike without sudden stoppage?
1. Inspect engine mounts, the crankcase, and the nose section for damage. 2. Inspect the oil and oil filters/screens for metal particles. 3. Inspect the crankshaft or driveshaft for cracks and misalignment.
Name some of the precautions that should be performed prior to engine removal.
Disconnect the battery, turn off the fuel valves, chock the wheels, and if necessary, install a tail stand.
When inspecting a psiton, where are cracks most likely to be found?
In those areas that are highly stressed; usually the base of the piston bosses, inside at the junction of the obre and the walls, and the ring lands.
What does it mean if an engine part is within "serviceable limits"?
It means that the part is within the manufacture's limits and can be used in an engine (does not require replacement).
what tools or instruments are used to inspect a cylinder barrel for out-of roundness?
A dial indicator or an inside micrometer is usually used to measure the top of the cylinder and at the skirt. A telescopic gauge and micrometer can also be used. Two readings should be taken 90# to each other.
How can a loose stud in an engine crankcase be repaired?
Remove the loose stud and inspect the hole for size and thread condition. It may be necessary to use an oversize stud or Heli-coil insert.
What publication is used to chec an engine for normal operation?
Manufacturer's maintenance manual.
A weak cylinder is found during a compression check. What must be inspected?
What purpose does an oil analysis serve?
Metal particles in the oil show normal and abnormal wear of the engine. This helps in evaluating the engine's internal condition.
What inspection should be performed on an engine that has been in storage?
Perform an inspection to determine if there is any corrosion damage.
Where would a carburetor air temperature bulb be located?
In the ram air intake duct.
What is the fuel pressure range on float-type carburetors?
3 to 5 psi.
Where is the fuel flow indicating system generally connected within a carbureted reciprocating engine?
Temperature and atmospheric pressure.
Where is the fuel flow indicating system generally connected within a carbureted reciprocating engine?
The transmitter and the indicator.
What unit of measure is generally used to indicate fuel flow?
Pounds or gallons per hour.
Why is fuel flow monitored?
To determine fuel consumption and engine performance.
What does the manifold gauge indicate and how is it calibrated?
It measures the absolute pressure in the engine manifold and is calibrated in inches of mercury.
What directly controls manifold pressure?
Throttle opening and engine r.p.m.
During engine operation, where should the propeller control be set when checking the manifold pressure?
Low pitch, high r.p.m.
Is the aircraft electrical system required to power a a cylinder head temperature gauge?
No. A thermocouple is used as the electrical source.
What are the possible indications of an oil pressure transmitter or indicator malfunction?
A severe or sudden drop in oil pressure while the oil temperature remains normal and the oil supply remains full.
what does a tachometer indicate on a reciprocating engine?
Engine r.p.m.
Where should the thermocouple be installed on a reciprocating engine using a single probe cylinder head temperature system?
On the hottest cylinder.