Constitution Benchmark Quizlet: Questions

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What is the main job of the legislative branch?
make laws
What is the main job of the Executive Branch?
execute and enforce laws
What is the main job of the Judicial Branch?
interpret laws or make sure they are Constitutional
Who has the power to declare war?
Congress
Who is the Commander in Chief of the U.S. military?
the President
What is the length of a term of office for members of the U.S. House of Representatives?
2 years
What is the length of a term of office for members of the Senate?
6 years
What is the length of a term of office for the president of the United States?
4 years
Who actually elects the president?
electoral college
How do they figure out how many electors each state gets?
Members of Congress
How many years have you had to have been a citizen for in order to run for President?
Natural Born
How many years do you have to live in the U.S. to qualify for running as President?
14 years
How old do you have to be to run for the H of R?
25 years old
How old do you have to be to run for the Senate?
30 years old
Who is the President of the Senate?
Vice President
How long do you have to be a citizen in the U.S. in order to be in the H of R?
7 years
How is each state's number of representatives determined?
by population
How old must one be to hold the office of president of the United States?
35 years old
Which house of Congress has 2 representatives from each state?
Senate
How many senators from each state are there?
2
How long do you have to be a citizen in the U.S. in order to serve in the Senate?
9 years
When can the President of the Senate vote?
When there is a tie
Which house of Congress is based on population?
House of Representatives or H of R
What is the highest court in the United States?
Supreme Court
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
9
Who is the leader of the Supreme Court?
Chief Justice
What is the length of term for the office of the U.S. Supreme Court?
For life or until retirement
Who has the power to propose a law to raise revenue (a tax law)?
H of R
What percentage does a bill need to pass with in BOTH houses in order to go to the President?
51%
If the President vetoes a bill, what fraction of both houses has to approve the bill in order to override his veto?
2/3
Who has the power to nominate ambassador, public minister, or other officials of the United States, such as members of the Cabinet?
President
How many members are in the House of Representatives?
435
How many memebers are in the senate?
100
What is the supreme or highest law of the U.S.?
Constitution
What fraction of the Congress or state legislature must agree in order to PROPOSE an amendment?
2/3
What fraction of the states had to ratify the Constitution in order for it to go into effect?
9/13
What is the group of people called that are the heads of the 15 Executive departments & serve as the President's formal advisers?
Cabinet
Veto
To reject, as when the President rejects a law passed by Congress
Impeach
Bringing charges of serious wrongdoing against a public official.
Amend
To change.
Ratify
To approve
Constitution
A document that sets out the laws, principles, organization and processes of a government.
Republic
A system of government in which citizens choose representatives to govern them.
Articles of Confederation
The first American constitution, passed in 1777, which created a loose alliance of 13 independent states.
Dictatorship
A government in which one person or a small group holds complete authority
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