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Science Solar System
Terms in this set (28)
from the earth, the third brightest object in the sky is a planet. that planet is...
...that planet is Venus
how do planets shine?
they reflect light from the sun
planets revolve around
they revolve around the sun
which planet rotates the fastest?
Jupiter rotates the fastest
of the terrestrial planets, which one has the most moons?
Mars has the most moons
Our star, the sun, is known as what type of star?
Yellow Main Sequence
our planet, the earth, is named for
Anglo-Saxon for soil
The average distance from Earth to the sun is
The largest volcano on Mars is named
Neptune's moon which has geysers that spew out nitrogen gas that give it a thin nitrogen atmosphere
Smallest of the gas giants with 14 moons and 5 rings
Terrestrial planet that is nearly the size of earth with surface temperatures that can reach 471 Celsius:
Called the morning or evening star this planet has atmospheric pressure 92 times greater than the earth
Morning/Evening star Venus
Densest planet in the solar system with a powerful magnetic field
this planet is well known for its planet-wide dust storms
this planet has the shortest day of any planet in the solar system
short day Jupiter
this planet has a distinguishing red spot which is a gigantic storm that has persisted form at least 350 years
red spot jupiter
the largest moon in the solar system which is also the only moon in the solar system with a magnetic field
Large moon Ganymede
this moon has active volcanoes that spew sulfur dioxide which gives the moon its striking orange and yellow surface
spewing moon Io
this planet has a retrograde rotation and has some of the coldest temperatures of all the planets
this planet is the only planet in our solar system with one moon
one moon earth
this planet is strongly tilted on its axis so that its rotation is almost horizontal to its orbital plane
strongly tilted Uranus
this moon has liquid methane and ethane that from rivers, lakes, and oceans.
liquid moon Titan
why is the surface of Venus so hot and why could it be a model for the Earth's future atmosphere?
the surface of Venus is hot because it is surrounded by a very thick atmosphere which is about 100 times more massive than our atmosphere on Earth. As sunlight passes through the atmosphere, the heat it creates becomes trapped and builds up to extremely high temperatures. This could serve a clear warning to Earth that the diminished atmosphere here on Earth will lead to unlivable temperature conditions, killing off all life forms as before.
What does any object in our solar system that has a highly cratered surface tell us about the history of that objects crust?
collisions and impact scars are at the core of our solar systems development. the crust is thin if it is highly impacted by such collisions. it could also mean it was an incredibly large impact of meteorites, and other large objects, even planetary collisions!!
place the order from distance from the sun
sun, mercury, venus, earth, mars, asteroid belt, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Kuiper belt
why eris, pluto, and ceres are considered dwarf planets? what is unusual about how pluto and its moon charon move through space together?
Dwarf planets have not cleard the area around its orbit, while a planet has. Pluto and its moon Charon orbit a disc-like zone beyond the orbit of Neptune called the Kuiper belt, a distant region populated with frozen bodies left over from the solar system's formation.
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