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HIST 150 Exam 4 Parkinson
Terms in this set (36)
Prevent Russian economy from completely collapsing. Allows capitalism to flourish temporarily
The new economic policy (NEP) did what within Russia in the 1920s?
Power struggle within Politburo.
Vladimir Lenin's death (1924) resulted in what happening?
Transform Soviet economy from agriculture-based to industrial-based overnight
What were the Five-Year Plans designed to do?
Left-leaning revolution, but has an abrupt ending, the Communists attempt to take control
What was Germany's aborted revolution and who attempted to take power?
Failure to pay reparations
France and Allied forces occupied (1919-1930) Germany's Rhineland, Ruhr Valley, and Saarland because of what?
The belief that Germany's soldiers did not lose in the first world war but sold out by the politicians and the jews back home
What was the stabbed-in-the-back theory?
The American dollar moves in a circle, temporary fix and buys time for reparation payments, USA-Germany-Britain France and Belgium-USA
Why is the Dawes Plan (1924) significant?
Hitler announces that there is a revolution at hand. The police and military are warned of the Nazi Revolution
What was the Beer Hall Putsch (1923) and why is it significant?
Legally and constitutionally. Let's take it to the people and convince them to vote for us.
After 1924, how did Adolf Hitler and the Nazis plan to take control of Germany?
The German chancellor
The Emergency Decree gave Adolf Hitler and the Nazis what?
Take duel title, became soul leader, chancellor and president
What did Adolf Hitler do upon the death of German President Paul von Hindenburg (1934)?
The night of broken glass, the jews are not wanted
What was Kristallnacht and why was it launched (1938)?
Negotiating for Sudetenland giving Hitler land in order to keep him calm. Represents the attempt by western powers to STOP Hitler. To give-in, pacify
Why is the Munich Conference (1938) significant and what is meant by appeasement?
they sign it in a railway car, forced to surrender so Hitler can take personal revenge
What is significant (ironic) about France's surrender (1940) at Compiegne?
Germany uses airfare to bomb Great Britain
Why is the Battle of Britain (1941) significant?
Invasion of soviet-union fails, they went to Russia in the rainy season
Why is Operation Barbarossa (1941) significant?
They kill Jews slowly
Why are the Einsatzgruppen units cumbersome & SLOW in carrying out their duties?
They figured out they need to build concentration camps. Soul purpose is to eliminate a whole race
Why is the Wannsee Conference (1942) significant?
Because they already invaded the Soviet Union. Hide this from the rest of the world and the German population
Why were the death camps built outside of Germany?
Trade is messed up, oil is in the water
Why is the Japanese surprise attack (1941) on Pearl Harbor significant?
The American troops won't invade Europe and they are worried about Africa instead. Where the cold war & distrust begins
Why did the entrance of American troops in Africa (1942) embitter (anger) the Soviet Union and why is this significant?
Crucial victories of japan empire, turning points of the war in the pacific
The Battles of Coral Sea (1942) & Midway (1942) are significant for what reason?
Soviet desires this in 1942, massive invasion, 5 separate beachheads. Push Nazis back to Germany
Why is the D-Day Invasion [Operation Overlord] (1944) significant?
League of nations kind of, maybe took down Germany idk
Why is the Yalta Conference (1945) significant - what was decided here?
Hopping from island to island in Europe to have more access
What is meant by Island hopping and why was this undertaken?
Because the war went on for so long, big cities
Why were the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki - why were these cities targeted?
Stop the spread of communism
What was the policy of containment all about?
Economic aid for Greece and Turkey
What does the Truman Doctrine (1947) provide for?
13.5 million dollars spread throughout the years to rebuild Europe
What does the Marshall Plan (1948) do?
Allies could no longer truck supplies into East Berlin
What occurs when the Soviets blocked land access to West Berlin (1948)?
No peace treaty, merely an armistice. Korea is left divided. The DMZ still separates north and South Korea. Sets the stage politically for later conflicts like Vietnam
What are the legacies of the Korean Conflict (1950 - 1953)?
Train Cuban exiles and put them in the bay of pigs so that the USA doesn't have any blood on their hands. Against Castro. A spy leaked information, so Castro and his military are waiting are waiting for them. Blows up in Kennedy's face
What was the Bay of Pigs invasion (1961) and why is it important?
French forces here supplying south Vietnam with money. French have been in Vietnam for a long time and now it appears that it is slipping away from them. French surrender and they are done. This is where the US comes in. We look at Ngo Dinh Diem. Domino theory. Afraid that south Vietnam is going to become dictator ship. Spends 200,000,000 dollars on south Vietnam
Why was Dien Bien Phi (1954) important?
Gives Johnson a green light to do whatever he needs to do to combat the situation in north Vietnam
The Tonkin Gulf Resolution gave US president Lydon Johnson what?
It is a psychological blow many people thought we were actually losing the war due ti the media. Citizens thought that they were being lied to. Turns American public against the war. Turns American's opinions
How was the Tet Offensive a psychological blow to America's effort in Vietnam?
What is seen as the Soviet Union's Vietnam?
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