Terms in this set (50)
People that research and write about events of the human past are known as ___________.
What are archaeologists
social scientists who study artifacts left by people
What are artifacts?
remains created by humans like tools or pottery
Animal and plant remains that have been preserved over time are know as ________.
During which era of history were the use of stone tools first used?
Anthropologists are scientists that _______________________.
study cultural practices of humans
How would you describe the lifestyle of nomads?
wander in search of resources
The process of controlling a plant or animal for human purpose of food, work, or companionship is know as ____________?
What is specialization?
when members of a society specialize in various trades
What is bipedal ?
using only two legs to walk
What is an Ice age?
long period or climate change and global cooling
How are archaeologists and detectives similar?
both look for evidence and clues to solve a mystery
What feature has made modern man so successful and easily adaptable to different situations and environments?
larger brain and intelligence
What were domesticated animals used for?
labor transportation and food
What type of lifestyle did hunter gatherers lead?
What does the term agriculture mean?
producing crops and raising livestock for human use
Why is social hierarchy often described as pyramid shaped?
because their are fewer members at the top than the bottom power concentrated at top
During this time in history, what determined a person's class status?
individuals inherit class status from their families birth
What is Culture?
knowledge, language, and music
What is the purpose of religion?
shape morals, provide hope & comfort
Which rivers flooded regularly were the site of ancient Civilizations?
Nile river, Tigris river , and Euphrates
What is the purpose of a writing system?
keep records, record knowledge, communication
What led to interaction among people and spread of culture?
trade, conquest, migration
What is cultural diffusion?
the spread of cultural beliefs and social activities from one group to another
Where were the worlds first civilization built 5,000 years ago?
What two main rivers are locates in Mesopotamia?
Tigris and Euphrates
How did the agricultural revolution lead to the development of larger and more advanced cities?
division of labor and increased population
What is a pharaoh?
A ruler of ancient Egypt
What does polytheistic mean?
the belief in or worship of more than one god.
What is fibrous water plant used by ancient Egyptians to create a material used to write on?
What is mummification?
to preserve a body by embalming it and wrapping it in cloth
What was the source of all life in ancient Egypt, which other wise would be barren dessert?
The Nile river
What enriched the soiled and improved yearly harvests?
How many Gods and Goddesses did ancient Egyptians worship?
What was the role of gods and goddess?
control all aspects of life
Who was responsible for creating laws, collecting taxes, and protecting Egypt from foreign invaders?
What is the greatest achievement of Menes?
He united upper and lower Egypt
Are the accounts of ancient historians always accurate? Why or why not?
no because historians often embellished the truth to make ruler look better
What is Ancient Greece often called?
birthplace of western civilization
Why was a large wooden horse used in the Trojan war?
to hide soldiers in and sneak them into troy
How are vases from ancient Greece decorated?
with artwork that tells stories/ scenes of everyday life
What did each city state have?
its own government and laws
What is the difference between tyranny and a democracy?
democracy's leader was chosen by the people instead of seizing power and ruling with absolute authority
What allowed Sparta to become powerful and successful?
What is Athens know for?
for its great artists, poets, and thinkers
What type of government did Athens have?
Who was the king of all gods?
What was the purpose of the Olympic games?
To honor Zeus
Who invented geometry?
Euclid and Pythagoras
What did gods and goddesses control?
all areas of life
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