118 terms

Chemical Elements - Name Challenge (ALL)

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Actinium
Greek "aktis", meaning "beam or ray"; Ac
Aluminum
From the Latin word "alumen", which means "bitter salt"; Al
Americium
Named after the Americas, Am
Antimony
From the Latin word "stibbum" meaning mark", Sb
Argon
From the Greek word "argon" meaning "lazy" or "inactive", Ar
Arsenic
From the Greek word "arsenikos" meaning male; As
Astantine
From the Greek word "astatos" meaning unstable, At
Barium
From the Greek word "barys" meaning heavy, Ba
Berkelium
Named for the town where the University of California is located, Bk
Beryllium
From the Greek word "beryl" meaning sweet; Be
Bismuth
From the German "weisse masse" meaning white mass; Bi
Bromine
From the Greek word "bromos" meaning stench, Br
Cadmium
From the Latin term "cadmia", which is the ancient name for calamine; Cd
Calcium
From the Latin term "calx" meaning lime or limestone; Ca
Californium
Named after a state on the western border of the USA; Cf
Carbon
From the Latin term "carbos" meaning "charcoal"; C
Cerium
Named after the asteroid Ceres which was discovered 2 years before this element; Ce
Cesium
From the Latin term "caesius" meaning "sky blue"; Cs
Chlorine
From the Greek term "chloros" meaning "greenish-yellow"; Cl
Chromium
From the Greek term "chroma" meaning colour; Cr
Cobalt
From the German term "kobold" meaning "goblin or evil spirit"; Co
Copper
From the Latin word "cuprum" named for an island off the coast of Cypress; Cu
Curium
Named after Marie and Pierre Curie; Cm
Dysprosium
From the Greek term "dysprositos" meaning 'hard to get at"; Dy
Einsteinium
Named after Albert Einstein; Es
Erbium
A town in Sweden; Er
Europium
Named after a continent; improves the red color in TV and computer screens; Eu
Fermium
Named after physicist Enrico Fermi; Fm
Fluorine
From the Latin word "fluere" meaning flow or flux; F
Francium
Named after France, Fr
Gadolinium
Named after Gadolin, a Fininsh chemist; Gd
Gallium
From the Latin word "gallia" meaning France; Ga
Germanium
From the Latin word "germania" meaning Germany; Ge
Gold
From the Latin word "arum" meaning 'shining dawn'; Au
Hafnium
From Hafnia, the Latin name for Copenhagen; Hf
Helium
From the Greek word "helios" meaning 'the sun' where it was first found; He
Holmium
From the word "holmia" the Latin name of Stockholm; Ho
Hydrogen
From the Greek terms "hyro" meaning water and "genes" meaning forming; H
Indium
From the bright blue line in it's spectrum; In
Iodine
From the Greek term "iodes" meaning violet; I
Iridium
From the Latin term "iris" meaning rainbow; Ir
Iron
From the Latin term "ferrum" meaning grey; Fe
Krypton
From the Greek term "kryptos" meaning hidden; Kr
Lanthanum
From the Greek term "lantanein" meaning to,'lie hidden'; La
Lawrencium
Named after E.O. Lawrence who invented the cyclotron, a type of particle accelerator; Lr
Lead
From the Latin term "plumbum"; Pb
Lithium
From the Greek term "lithos" meaning stone; Li
Lutetium
From the name Lutetia, the ancient name for Paris; Lt
Magnesium
From the word Magnesia which is a district in Thessaly; Mg
Manganese
From the Latin term "magnes" meaning magnet; Mn
Mendelevium
Named after the "Father of the Periodic Table"; Md
Mercury
From the Latin word "hydrogyrum" meaning 'liquid silver'; Hg
Molybdenum
From the Greek term "molybdos" meaning 'lead'; Mo
Neodymium
From the Greek terms "neos" meaning 'new" and "didymus" meaning 'twin'; Nd
Neon
From the Greek term "neo" meaning 'new'; Ne
Neptunium
Named after the planet Neptune; Np
Nickel
From a German word referring to Satan or 'Old Nick'; Ni
Niobium
Named after 'Niobe' daughter of Tantalus in Greek mythology; Nb
Nobelium
Named after Alfred Nobel; No
Osmium
From the Greek term "osme" meaning smell; Os
Oxygen
From the Greek terms "oxys" meaning 'sharp or acid' and "genes" meaning 'forming'; O
Palladium
Named after the asteroid 'Pallus'; Pd
Phosphorus
From the Greek term "phosphoros" meaning light-bearing, ancient name for the planet Venus; P
Platinum
From the Spanish word "platina" meaning silver; Pt
Plutonium
Named after the former planet Pluto; Pu
Polonium
Name after Poland; Po
Praseodymium
From the Greek terms "prasios" meaning 'green' and "Didymus" meaning 'twin'; Pr
Promethium
After Prometheus, who according to Greek mythology stole fire from the Gods on Mount Olympus; Pm
Protactinium
From the Greek term "protos" meaning 'first'; Pa
Radium
From the Latin term "radius" meaning 'ray'; Ra
Radon
Derived from the name radium; Rn
Rhenium
From the Latin term "rhenus" meaning 'The Rhine'; Re
Rhodium
From the Greek term "rhodon" meaning 'rose'; Rh
Rubidium
From the Latin term "ribidus" meaning 'deepest red'; Rb
Ruthenium
From the Latin term "Ruthenia" meaning 'Russia'; Ru
Samarium
Named after the mineral 'samarskite'; Sm
Scandium
From the Latin term "Scandia" referring to Scandanavia; Sc
Selenium
From the Greek term "selena" meaning 'moon'; Se
Silicon
From the Latin term "silex" meaning 'flint'; Si
Silver
From the Latin term "argentum" meaning 'silver'; Au
Sodium
From the Latin term "sodanum", a headache remedy; Na
Strontium
Named after Strontion, a town in Scotland; Sr
Sulphur
From the Latin term "sulphurium" meaning 'brimstone'; S
Tantalum
From the Greek term "Tantalos", Father of Niobe; Ta
Technetium
From the Greek term "technetos" meaning 'artificial'; Tc
Tellurium
Latin "tellus" meaning 'earth'; Te
Terbium
Named after a village in Sweden; Tb
Thallium
From the Greek term "thallus" meaning 'a green shoot or twig'; Tl
Thorium
Named after 'thor', the Scandanavian God of War; Th
Thulium
Named after 'Thule', the most ancient name of Scandanavia; Tm
Tin
From the Latin word "stannum"; Sn
Titanium
From the Latin term "titan", the first sons of the Earth; Ti
Tungsten
From the Swedish term "tung sten" meaning 'heavy stone'; found mainly in the mineral wolframite; W
Uranium
After the planet Uranus; U
Vanadium
After the Scandanavian Goddess Vanadis; V
Ytterbium
After Ytterby, a village in Sweden; Yb
Yttrium
First found near Ytterby, a village in Sweden; Y
Zinc
From the Greek term "Zink" meaning 'of obscure origin'; Zn
Zirconium
Arabic "zargun" meaning 'gold colour'; Zr
Copernicium
Named in honor of Nicolaus Copernicus; Cn
Darmstadtium
Named for Darmstadt, where the element was discovered; Ds
Dubnium
Named in 1997 after the town of Dubna; Db
Bohrium
Named after Danish physicist Niels Bohr; Bh
Boron
Named for the mineral borax in which it is found; B
Flerovium
Named after the Flerov Laboratory where it was discovered 1998; Fl
Livermorium
Named after the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the United States; Lv
Hassium
Derived from the Latin name "Hassia"; Hs
Meitnerium
Named after, Lise Meitner, an Austrian-Swedish physicist; Mt
Moscovium
Named after the Moscow Oblast in Dubna where it was first synthesized; Mc
Nihonium
Name comes from "nihon", one of the two Japanese pronunciations for the name of Japan; Nh
Nitrogen
Comes from azote, Greek for "no life"; N
Organesson
Named after nuclear physicist Yuri Oganessian; Og
Potassium
Symbol stems from "kali", which is Arabic for "plant ashes"; K
Roentgenium
Named after the physicist Wilhelm Röntgen, who discovered X-rays; Rg
Rutherfordium
Named after physicist Ernest Rutherford; Rf
Seaborgium
Named after the American nuclear chemist Glenn T. Seaborg; Sg
Tennessine
Named after the "volunteer" state; Ts
Xenon
Name from the Greek word , xenos, meaning 'foreign(er)', strange(r)', or 'guest'; Xe