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Terms in this set (61)
How is Syphilis spread?
Spread by skin to skin contact with open lesion
Can a pregnant woman pass syphilis to an unborn child?
Yes, a pregnant woman can pass the disease to the unborn child
Syphilis-Can it be spread from a toilet towel etc....
No, you can not catch syphilis from a toilet seat, doorknob or towel
Syphilis-Is it treatable?
In early stages easily treatable: if left untreated serious complication of death
Syphilis-Do you notice symptoms?
many people never notice any symptoms
What is syphilis caused by?
Syphilis is caused by a bacteria known as a spirochete( looks like a spiral under a microscope).
How many stages occur with syphilis
STAGE ONE:Primary syphilis
Open sores or lesion called chancres appear. These sores painless and appear in the place where the bacteria entered the body. These chancers will disappear in a couple weeks. Highly contagious at this time.
Stage Two:Secondary Syphilis
If not treated, a rash will develop often on the soles of the feet and palm of hands.the rash can be so faint it can look like a rash from another infection and may not be noticed. Flu-like symptoms can occur fever, swollen lymph nodes, loss of appetite.This stage last approx 1-2 weeks and will go away without treatment
Stage Three: Latent syphilis
If disease has not been treated person enters the period of illness called latent (hidden) syphilis. Symptoms of the disease go away but the disease (bacterium) are still moving around in the body. syphilis can remain latent for years.
Stage Four -Tertiary stage
This is the final stage of this disease. If no treatment has been initiated, the bacterium has spread all over the body and can affect the heart, brain, and spinal cord. Blindness and death can result. This stage occurs years after initial exposure.
How do you treat Syphilis?
See a physician
Antibiotics, many times penicillin
Complications of Syphilis
An obvious complication associated with tertiary stage(DEATH)
A pregnant woman can pass the disease to unborn and put the infant at risk for various birth defects
prevention of syphilis
What causes gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea is caused by a bacteria
Gonorrhea-When do symptoms appear
Symptoms usually appears within 2-7 days after exposure.
Gonorrhea male symptoms
Males are more likely to notice symptoms. Often a burning sensation upon urination and an unusual discharge from the urethra. (Yellow- White)
Gonorrhea female symptoms
Females:Females may have experienced mild symptoms or be asymptomatic.some cases burning sensation upon urination a vaginal discharge that is yellow or bloody. If infection spreads may cause abdominal pain and fever
How is gonorrhea transmitted?
Direct sexual contact or from mother to baby during pregnancy.
How can you treat gonorrhea ?
Physician will do an exam and analyze the discharge. Once diagnosed, antibiotics are the method of treatment. You can be re-infected so it is important to have any partner checked and treated. Use of penicillin is more difficult because the bacterium is becoming resistant to this antibiotic
Complications if untreated(Female)
The infection can travel to the uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries
Causes pelvic inflammatory disease, which leads to scarring and infertility. During pregnancy, can cause problems for an unborn child.( possible meningitis or eye infection leading to blindness).
Complications if untreated(Male)
the infection can spread to the epididymis (pain and swelling), scar tissue, possible infertility
prevention of gonorrhea
At childbirth-infants given silver nitrate eye drops
What's the most preventable STD?
What are chlamydia symptoms?
Often s systematic(no symptoms)
When does chlamydia occur
Symptoms appear within 1-3 weeks
What causes chlamydia?
Chlamydia symptoms in males
Chlamydia symptoms in females
unusual vaginal discharge/ abdominal pain/ burning sensation when you urinate/ bleeding between periods/ painful intercourse
How is chlamydia transmitted?
mother to baby
How can chlamydia be treated?
Complications if untreated
Infections in the urethra in both male and female
If contact with bodily fluid that contain the bacteria, then touch the eyes= eye infections, like pink eye.
Can be passed to infant causing eye infections, blindness, pneumonia
Chlamydia can lead to PID
If a female has it she an 60-70% of having PID
PID leads to scarring in the fallopian tubes and increases the risk at tubal pregnancy and infertility.
Prevention of Chlamydia
What causes PID
PID is caused by a untreated STD
What is PID
Infection of fallopian tubes, uterus and the cervix
Symptoms may not appear until days or weeks
Larger than normal discharge
Pain during sex
Periods heavier than normal
- fever/ Puke
Complications of PID if untreated
Scarring in the female reproductive symptoms -
Scarring leads to infertility
A female having PID 3 or more times has approx. 50% chance of being infertile
How can PID treated?
Pelvic exam, simple of the mucous
Hospitalization if the infection is severe
Surgery if there is an ectopic pregnancy
Prevention of STD
Promptly Treat any STD
How many infections does Herpes cause?
2.HSV 2-genital herpes
Can HSV be spread?
Yes it can be spread with or without the presence of sores
HSV 1 symptoms
Sores may burn, itch, pain
HSV 2 symptoms
Genital herpes- After exposed, 2-20 days later, symptoms appear.
May never have an outbreak
If outbreaks occurs; itching pain
Sores will heal within 2-4 weeks
Stress can aggravate an outbreak
How is HSV 1 Transmitted
Sharing eating utensils or direct contact with sores
Is there treatment for HSV?
NO cure for viral infections....However , relief can be provided for symptoms
Antiviral medications to help control recurring HSV 2 and helps to clear up sores
Complications of HSV
Increase risk of HIV infections (HIV can enter the body more easily if there is a break in the skin(eg- HSV 2 sores)
Pregnant women- if active infection during childbirth, baby is at risk for HSV infection
IF newborn exposed, HSV can cause meningitis, brain damage
Prevention of HSV
What is the cause of HPV
A group of viruses(HPV) no cure for a viral infection. The virus remains in the body and can remain dormant for a long time.
HPV symptoms in males
Genital warts appear on the penis, scrotum. These warts are cauliflower like in appearance. Males are more likely to notice these because they are eternal and more likely to get treated.
HPV symptoms in females
Warts can appear at the opening of the vagina, cervix or buthole. The problem with the females is that the warts may be internal and unseen. Often females are unaware they have genital warts. They may delay seeking treatment.
How is HPV transmitted?
HPV is transmitted from person to person through intimate/direct sexual contact. Vaginal/oral/anal
Treatment for HPV
The symptoms can be treated but there is no cure
Warts can be removed "freeze" with a chemical or laser treatment
Sometimes a cream medication is prescription to try to dissolve the warts
Often these do not work and warts reappear
warts will get larger and multiply
Problems with the cervix in females
HPV can lead to cervical and testicular cancers
Prevention of HPV
How many Types of Hepatitis
Five - A, B, C, D, and E
What kind of virus is Hepatitis
Symptoms of Hepatitis
Generally appear from 15 days- 23 weeks after exposure. It depends on which type of hepatitis.
How is Hepatitis transmitted?
-Direct sexual contact(oral/anal/vaginal) most common method of transmission
-Exposure to contaminated blood or body fluids
-Passed at birth
-Contaminated water or ice
Treatment of Hepatitis
Many recover and develop on immunity
Complications of untreated Hepatitis
Passed to infant or at birth
If diagnosed-cannot be a blood donor
prevention of hepatitis
Avoid drug use
Make sure proper sterilization
Practice good hygiene
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