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26 terms

Poetry Terms

Holton-Arms School 8th Grade M3 Poetry Terms for test on 11/23/10
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Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
Allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, work of art that the poet expects the reader to recognize
Connotation
the implied or suggested meaning of a word; emotional overtones of the word; what it suggests to the reader
Couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines
Denotation
the literal definition of a word
Figure of speech/figurative language
a word or phrase that identifies or describes something in a way that is not literally true, but may be meaningful in a deeper sense. Metaphor, simile, personification are considered this
Metaphor
a phrase where two words are equal. Ex: "The road was a ribbon of moonlight.."
Hyperbole
gross exaggeration for effect
situational irony
an unexpected twist; the contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually occurs
Onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds imitate natural sounds
Personification
giving an object or an animal human qualities or characteristics
Rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines in a poem.
Sarcasm
a form of verbal irony; saying something and meaning the exact opposite, with the intent to be witty or insulting.
Speaker
the narrator, point of view, or persona through whom the poet is speaking
Stanza
lines grouped together to form a division of a poem, separated from other lines by space
Symbol
an object, person, place, event that stands for something more than itself; something concrete that stands for an abstract concept.
Tone
the writer's attitude toward the subject he or she is writing about or the speaker's attitude toward the subject he or she is talking about
Genre
a division or type of literature.
Narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story; present dramatic events in a vivid way, using some of the same elements as short stories--for example, plot, characters, and dialogue
Dramatic poetry
poetry that includes the techniques of drama. One or more characters speak to other characters that may or may not be present in the poem.
Dramatic monologue
a poem in which one person addresses a listener or listeners who do not speak. The speaker reveals his or her character by commenting on a crucial problem or conflict in his or her life.
Lyric poetry
highly musical verse that expresses the emotions, attitudes, and observations of a single speaker its usually short and musical.
Ballad
a song-like poem that tells a story, often one dealing with adventure or romance.
Diction
word choice
Image
a word or phrases that appeals to one or more of the senses (sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell, movement)
Simile
a comparison using like or as. Ex: "his hair like moldy hay"