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Juvenile Justice Quiz Questions
Terms in this set (25)
What do police officers need to have in order to make a legal arrest? (same for a juvenile and adult)
What must first be filed in order for juvenile court proceedings to begin?
what is conducted between the adjudicatory hearing and dispositional hearing that helps the judge determine a final disposition for the juvenile?
social background investigation
name two extralegal factors influencing officer discretion
race, class, gender
Name two legal factors influencing officer discretion
seriousness of offense, frequency of offense, prior/current involvement in JJ system
when a juvenile is "take into custody," does this constitute an official arrest?
What is the term used to describe the process when a police officer negotiates an informal settlement with a juvenile and their parents?
name one police involvement program taking place in the schools that was mentioned in the text, as well as during Officer Schneider's presentation?
To determine whether a juvenile's confession or statement was given voluntarily and freely, the surrounding the statement is to be considered?
Totality of Circumstances
blank hearing process means that the adjudicatory and dispositional hearings are held at different times
Who is known as the "father of probation"?
About blank percent of all juveniles dispositions are probation
What philosophy involves making the offender recognize how his/her crime affects others?
Name one out of the four possibilities for the future of the juvenile justice system according to the text
it will cease to exist as an individual entity. Hybrid sentencing will be introduced as a means to handle violent offenders, a restorative or balanced justice approach will be embraced, "get tough" or "just deserts" philosophies will transform system
T or F. Juvenile court records are confidential and unable to be accessed by anyone other than the juvenile
According to the predictions made regarding future juvenile offenders, they will be blank and blank; among other attributes.
Members of minority groups, unhealthy, infected with STD's, HIV or tuberculosis, overly emotional and lack impulse control, having children of their own, gang-affiliated, unmarried, from single-parent households
What juvenile justice approach uses mediation that includes the victim, offender and the community?
Probation conditions must be blank and blank to the charges
Reasonable and Relevant
A blank violation of probation occurs when the juvenile does not follow the specific terms his/her probation
Name a warning sign of youth prone to violence
Exposure to violence in home or community
Lack of success in normal tasks of adolescence
Intense built up anger
Inability to express feelings
True or False. There are no truly predictive variables of juvenile violence
Name one criminal gang activity
Extortion, drug trafficking, armed robbery, burglary, vandalism
Name one way to address juvenile violence
community-based programs, tougher sanctions, earlier intervention, more counseling/substance abuse programs, educational support, etc.
What factor or characteristic do you think best helps predict or explain juvenile violence?
Answers vary - home life, parents, neighborhood disorganization, abuse, mental illness, substance abuse, etc.
Name an area that needs attention or repair within the juvenile justice system
caseload excess, changing character of offenders, inadequate treatment, failure of leaders, hard-line policies, failure to recognize community rather than offender as customer, etc. (Reference ppt)
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