English Exam Terms

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scop
a storyteller who preserved Anglo Saxon culture and history
chivalry
a code of conduct demanding that knights be brave, virtuous, Christian, selfless, just, gentle/gracious toward women
kenning
a two-word phrase that describes something else
mead hall
an Anglo-Saxon central meeting place in which a lord entertains thanes with mead and feasting; gathering place, fellowship hall, city hall
feudalism
system of government based on loyalty
epic poem
a long narrative poem that celebrates the deeds of a legendary or heroic figure
courtly love
devotion to one woman and her ladies
Anglo Saxons
Germanic tribes from Denmark that migrated to England; sailors, conquerors, poets
grand simplicity
use of elaborate and lengthy words to describe a simple concept
druid
pagan Celtic priests
Vikings
one of a seafaring Scandinavian people who raided the coasts of northern and western Europe
Celts
migrated from mainland Europe (France); primarily warriors, traders, farmers; organized into clans led by chieftains and guided by druids; Celts in south were known as Britons--Britain
Normans
French culture in England, led by William of Normandy
Henry VII
a Tudor (related to Lancaster's), married a York uniting the two families
Harold II
Edward's brother-in-law chosen as the next king, last Anglo Saxon king (end of Anglo Saxon period)
Grendel
a monster with the strength of thirty men
Beowulf
a respected hero from Geatland who sails to Denmark to help the people
William of Normandy (France)
Edward's cousin, claims to be next heir and invades, begins the Norman Conquest
Heorot
the name of the mead hall in Beowulf
Sir Gawain
King Arthur's nephew, fights the Green Knight
Elizabeth I
established monarch's supremacy over the Church of England once and for all, her rule is considered the "Golden Age" of England (the Elizabethan Era), the Virgin Queen
King Arthur
King of Camelot, most popular figure in Medieval romances
Henry VIII
was the English King who declared himself head of the Church of England, had 6 wives
Lancelot
Arthur's chief knight and rival for Guinevere's love
William Shakespeare
(1564 - 1616) English poet and playwright considered one of the greatest writers of the English language; works include Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, and Hamlet; lived in Stratford-on-Avon, part of Lord Chamberlain's Men (acting company)
Alfred the Great
Saxon king, defended Wessex against Viking raids, preserved Anglo Saxon culture, encouraged a rebirth of learning and education
Hrothgar
a king in Denmark where Heorot is built