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Terms in this set (75)

Product quality testing-
Pilling: bobbing, formation of fuzzy balls or surface defect on textiles, begins when individual fibers are abraded from friction either during the manufacturing process or from when consumer uses at home in a laundry machine, this abrasion brings fibers to the surface where they then get entangled with neighboring fibers and create little balls or other unsightly surface wear, fabrics with shorter/thicker fibers are more likely to pill, both the raw material and manufacturing processes impact a fabric's propensity to pill, this wear can be simulated on a laboratory machine to test how much abrasion the fabric can handle before pilling
Crocking: occurs when excess dye rubs off of one dry fabric onto another dry fabric, usually more of a problem with dark and vivid colors, bleeding is a similar problem but occurs when dyes transfer from one fabric to another when both fabrics are wet, occurs when dye is physically rubbed off, the more color is transferred the more the fabric crocks, can be the result of lack of penetration of the dyeing agent/use of incorrect dyes or dyeing procedures/lack of proper washing procedures and finishing treatments after the dyeing process
Stretch and recovery: amount of stretch a fabric has, typically measured by percentage, bad stretch recovery will leave garments looking saggy and worn, better quality stretch goods typically have a better recovery
Wicking: ability of a textile material to disperse or spread liquid throughout a given area, better wicking fabrics are typically made of high-tech polyester which unlike cotton absorbs very little water
Wrinkle resistance: wrinkling diminishes visual aesthetic of apparel and home textiles, fabrics can be evaluated in terms of their resistance to creasing and wrinkling
Children's wear flammability: US Code of Federal Regulations requires that children's sleepwear must be flame resistant and self-extinguish if a flame from a candle/match/lighter or a similar items causes it to catch fire, applies to all children's sleepwear above size 9 months and up to size 14
Product quality testing-
Pilling: bobbing, formation of fuzzy balls or surface defect on textiles, begins when individual fibers are abraded from friction either during the manufacturing process or from when consumer uses at home in a laundry machine, this abrasion brings fibers to the surface where they then get entangled with neighboring fibers and create little balls or other unsightly surface wear, fabrics with shorter/thicker fibers are more likely to pill, both the raw material and manufacturing processes impact a fabric's propensity to pill, this wear can be simulated on a laboratory machine to test how much abrasion the fabric can handle before pilling
Crocking: occurs when excess dye rubs off of one dry fabric onto another dry fabric, usually more of a problem with dark and vivid colors, bleeding is a similar problem but occurs when dyes transfer from one fabric to another when both fabrics are wet, occurs when dye is physically rubbed off, the more color is transferred the more the fabric crocks, can be the result of lack of penetration of the dyeing agent/use of incorrect dyes or dyeing procedures/lack of proper washing procedures and finishing treatments after the dyeing process
Stretch and recovery: amount of stretch a fabric has, typically measured by percentage, bad stretch recovery will leave garments looking saggy and worn, better quality stretch goods typically have a better recovery
Wicking: ability of a textile material to disperse or spread liquid throughout a given area, better wicking fabrics are typically made of high-tech polyester which unlike cotton absorbs very little water
Wrinkle resistance: wrinkling diminishes visual aesthetic of apparel and home textiles, fabrics can be evaluated in terms of their resistance to creasing and wrinkling
Children's wear flammability: US Code of Federal Regulations requires that children's sleepwear must be flame resistant and self-extinguish if a flame from a candle/match/lighter or a similar items causes it to catch fire, applies to all children's sleepwear above size 9 months and up to size 14